Uganda + 3 more

Uganda Complex Emergency Situation Report #2 (FY 2008)

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published

Attachments

U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)

Note: The last situation report was dated March 6, 2008.

BACKGROUND

Since 1986, protracted conflict between the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) and the Government of Uganda (GOU) has led to a complex emergency in northern Uganda marked by violent attacks against civilians, extensive displacement, and the abduction of children for forced conscription, labor, and sexual servitude. In early 2005, the U.N. Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) reported that LRA attacks had displaced nearly 95 percent of the ethnic Acholi population in Gulu, Kitgum, Pader, and Lira districts. At the height of the conflict, approximately 1.8 million people were internally displaced by ongoing violence in Uganda. Since 2006, improved security, increased freedom of movement, and significant progress toward a negotiated settlement to the conflict have facilitated internally displaced persons (IDPs) to relocate closer or return to villages of origin. As of September 2008, OCHA reported that more than two thirds of IDPs residing in camps in northern Uganda had returned to areas of origin.

On October 18, 2007, U.S. Chargé d'Affaires Andrew G. Chritton redeclared a disaster in response to the ongoing humanitarian emergency in northern Uganda. Since 1997, USAID has provided more than $400 million in humanitarian assistance to Uganda, including nearly $55 million from USAID/OFDA to support emergency relief programs targeting vulnerable populations. In FY 2008, USAID/OFDA-funded programming focused on support for returnees, including agriculture and food security, nutrition, and water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) projects.

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
SOURCE
IDPs Remaining in Original Camps
497,631
IASC(1) Working Group in Uganda - August 2008
IDPs In New Site/In Transit
398,919
IASC Working Group in Uganda - August 2008
IDPs Returned to Villages of Origin
920,348
IASC Working Group in Uganda - August 2008
Refugees in Uganda
146,407
UNHCR(2) - September 2008

HUMANITARIAN FUNDING PROVIDED IN FY 2008

USAID/OFDA Assistance to Uganda: $6,862,840
USAID/FFP(3) Emergency Assistance to Uganda: $46,282,500
USAID/OTI(4) Humanitarian Assistance to Uganda: $72,574
State/PRM(2) Assistance to Uganda: $6,186,021
Total USAID and State Humanitarian Assistance to Uganda: $59,403,935

CURRENT SITUATION

In FY 2008, the GOU assumed greater responsibility for camp phase-out and closure while humanitarian agencies continued the transition from emergency assistance to longer term development goals as a result of increased security in northern Uganda. As IDPs have increasingly returned to areas of origin, international organizations have focused on supporting vulnerable populations to facilitate a sustainable return process.

In cooperation with USAID/Uganda, USAID/OTI, the U.N., and other humanitarian partners, USAID/OFDA continued to assess humanitarian conditions and provide assistance to returnees. USAID/OFDA and partner agencies supported WASH interventions in areas of return, seed distribution programs, information sharing to assist the voluntary return of remaining IDPs, and nutrition surveillance of vulnerable populations.

Map: USG Humanitarian Assistance in Uganda (as of 30 Oct 2008)