Uganda

Summary of FHI/Uganda's proposed relief interventions

Kitgum emergency relief, rehabiliation and preparedness programme
Objectives at a glance:

  • Meet the food needs of 9,674 people

  • Improve the water supply by rehabilitating 10 boreholes (2 each in 5 subcounties)

  • Improve the sanitary conditions for 300 people in IDP camps, by constructing 12 latrines

  • Provide blankets and household utensils to 1,934 households

  • Provide measles immunizations to 557 children

  • Provide psychosocial support to people suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PSTD)

  • Provide short-maturing seed varieties to 4,298 households

Target district: Kitgum, northern Uganda, with response in five subcounties: Namo Kora, Mucwini, Palabek Gem, Padibe East, Padibe West.

Intervention duration: September 2002 - May 2003

The need
Proposed intervention
Food security:
  • Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) raids drove farmers off land during planting season.
  • Livestock raids by Karamajong people left Kitgum residents with few animals to sell for cash.
  • Skyrocketing food costs in local markets. In Mucwini market: Sorghum prices increased 200%, beans 300%.
  • First rainy season (April-June) lasted only until the end of April resulting massive crop failure. The second rainy season (July-November) began on schedule but farmers were unable to plant their fields at the proper time due to insecurity.
  • Provide cereal grain to 9,674 people for three months (Sept-November 2002). Some food harvest should come in December. Grain will be purchased in local markets to boost the local economy and encourage farmers in surplus areas to produce.
  • Distributions carried out with cooperation of local churches and government officials
  • Amount of food transported is estimated to be 58 tonnes every two weeks (approximately eight trucks needed per delivery)
Health:
  • Only 60% of the children in the region are immunized against measles.
  • Provide measles immunizations to 557 children.
Water/Sanitation:
  • Lack of functioning bore holes to provide clean drinking water. In all of Kitgum district, one borehole is serving 700 people.
  • People are drinking water from the Aringa River, which of course is an unprotected water source causing much disease. Additionally the Aringa does not flow year-round so there are many weeks when it cannot provide any water.
  • IDP camps scattered throughout the region lack sanitation. In Kitgum town alone, 11,000 "night commuters" flood into the city at night because they fear raids on the outlying villages.
  • Two bore holes rehabilitated in each of the five subcounties in Kitgum.
  • Household items to include jerry cans for carrying drinking water.
  • Construction of two permanent latrines and ten temporary latrines. The permanent latrines will be constructed at schools or other public institutions; the temporary latrines will be near larger IDP camps or night commuter camps.
Household goods, blankets:
  • LRA soldiers have raided homes and taken kitchen utensils, common household tools and blankets
  • Thousands are living in makeshift shelters at night away from home. The cold night air is increasing the prevalence of disease, especially among children under age 5 and the elderly.
  • Provide household utensils and blankets to 1,934 households.
  • All items will be procured as locally as possible
  • Household items to include: one cooking pan; one basin; one 20 litre jerry can for water storage; 10 litre jerry can for carrying water; two plates.
Seeds:
  • LRA burned/destroyed stored seed.
  • Lack of food forced families to eat seed.
  • Seed distributions in April to include: rice, beans/peas, sorghum
Psycho-social support:
  • Many residents experiencing bereavement. Special focus on people suffering through June 21, 2002 massacre in Mucwini in which 56 civilians were killed and eight children abducted.
  • "Training of trainers" program prepares 10 people selected from churches, who then train 50 local people (minimum) to counsel door-to-door, in churches and in clinics.