Uganda

Report of the Integrated Food Security Phase Classification Analysis for Karamoja, 22-26th June 2015

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This IPC food insecurity analysis on Karamoja district of Uganda, compiled from 22 to 26 June 2015, gives a snapshot in time of the current severity of the situation, regardless of the causes, context, or duration.

The region was majorly classified in overall phase 3 (Crisis) with the most affected districts being Kaabong, Kotido, Napak and Moroto. Phase 2 (stressed) districts included Amudat, Nakapiriprit, and Abim. Food insecurity was attributed to the poor harvest caused by poor rainfall performance in 2014, with a dry spell being experienced in June to July and heavy rain received towards the end of the cropping season. This led to destruction of mature crops and caused honey dew and mildew in sorghum growing areas. Though land areas cultivated were reported to have increased, crop production was generally below normal. Pasture and browse were available for most of the year; however the high prevalence of livestock diseases such as FMD, PPR, and tick infestation affected livestock production and eventually household incomes.

Currently, household food stocks are exhausted with the lean season at its peak for the majority of households. Households are mostly involved in cultivation activities and are surviving on market purchase, vegetables, wild foods, income from labour opportunities resulting from cultivation activities, firewood, charcoal and exploitation of natural resources.

The most extreme limiting factor to food security in the region is utilization followed by access. Utilization of food is affected by poor sanitation, poor child care practices (low feeding frequency for children, poor dietary diversity, and poor food preparation methods), and low per capita water usage below 15 litres per person per day and poor food storage. Access to food is affected by high prices, low purchasing power and incomes. Food availability is a minor limiting factor, because despite crop harvests of the previous season being dismal, food is available in the markets due to fair road network, stable security and active social safety nets. The phase classification is highly influenced by ongoing HA assistance and without which, classification for each district will be worse off.