Uganda

Mapping for Climate Resilience: Oruchinga Refugee Settlement

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Overview

Uganda is home to more than 665,000 refugees, the third-largest refugee-hosting country in Africa. The country has progressive refugee and asylum policies, that support refugees and accord them the same access to social services as nationals, in addition to the allocation of land to support self-reliance within refugee settlements.

Refugee settlement planning and management requires careful consideration of the many challenges that may arise when delivering services and supporting such vulnerable communities sustainably and over long time periods. Service delivery, land management and conflict resolution require clear information and geospatial data that are often missing or very poor.

A baseline mapping exercise can inform settlements by using newly collected, current data.
By updating existing maps and providing modern geospatial information, development planning, land utilization and service delivery can be enhanced.

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in collaboration with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in support of the Office of the Prime Minister, developed the first-ever very high resolution refugee settlement map for Oruchinga Refugee Settlement. This is a first step towards integrating climate risk management into planning and decision making.

Preliminary analysis of the data shows extensive and irreversible damage of soils from ongoing water erosion and sand mining. Health care accessibility is fair, with good accessibility to schools (primary and secondary). Future analysis may include accessibility to clean water.
Further engagement of both the refugee and host community in planning is essential. The data presented here aims to inform the community, and its stakeholders, in planning and resource management.