Uganda + 2 more

“To have peaceful coexistence, people need to have full stomachs”: Rapid Conflict Assessment in Kyaka II Refugee Settlement, Uganda

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Introduction

The Danish Refugee Council (DRC) has been operating in Kyaka II Refugee Settlement since January 2013 and has been since then the largest implementing partner in the settlement, currently carrying out activities in water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), livelihoods and cash transfers, protection and community services to the largely Congolese refugee population. Until December 2017, there had been few changes to the social, political and economic context of the settlement. The influx of refugees from the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DR Congo) has shifted significantly dynamics in Kyaka II in particular among the refugee population and to a lesser extent between the refugee and refugeehosting communities around Kyaka II. Under an European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO)-funded ‘Emergency Cash and Protection Assistance for new Congolese refugees in Kyaka II, Uganda’ six month project (1 April – 30 September 2018), a rapid conflict assessment was carried out. The exercise documented and analysed some of the key changes in context and dynamics triggered by the recent (and ongoing) refugee influx and identified potential areas of tension 1) among the ‘old’ and ‘new’ caseload of refugees; and 2) between the broad refugee population and ‘nationals’, proposing recommendations on measures to mitigate these and promote peaceful coexistence.1 The report is expected to inform DRC’s current ECHOfunded action as well as the general refugee response in Kyaka II with regard to key potential areas of conflict which should be better understood and mitigated.

The study also seeks to support DRC in informing and designing interventions that mitigate tensions and support peaceful coexistence between refugees as well as between refugees and host communities.

The report begins by providing a brief background into Kyaka II refugee settlement and the causes of current displacement from DR Congo. It then turns to a section on the impact of the new arrivals in Kyaka II, discussing in particular the economic and social implications of the refugee influx and how these cause tension between old and new refugees, as well as to a lesser extent, refugees and the host community. The report concludes with some recommendations on aspects to consider for the management of inter-group relations in Kyaka II.