• The 2018-2019 school year began in September with nearly 616,000 Syrian and other refugee children registered. UNICEF is working closely with the government and 3RP partners on a Back to School campaign to increase enrolment and ensure access to education.
• The Conditional Cash Transfer for Education programme for refugee children entered its 2nd year, targeting 450,000 children by July 2019. Nearly 341,500 refugee children received a CCTE payment in September.
• Over 18,200 refugee and migrant men, women and children accessed child protection services across a network of over 60 UNICEF-supported spaces in camps and host communities.
• More than 2,500 Syrian and Turkish youth benefitted benefited from social cohesion activities ranging from sports, arts and crafts, circus activities, and peer-to-peer discussions.
• UNICEF Turkey is 69% funded under the 2018 3RP appeal, with $157.2 million available (including carry-over from the previous year). However, US $6.8 million in funding is urgently required in education, child protection and adolescent/youth engagement.
Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs
Turkish and refugee children across the country returned to school on 17 September for the 2018/2019 academic year. Nearly 616,000 Syrian and other refugee children have registered for the new school year, and more are expected to enrol in the coming months.1 However, due to the growing school-age refugee population in Turkey, the estimated number of children who remain out of school stands at 430,000.
As of end September, Turkey remained home to nearly 4 million refugees and asylum seekers, including over 1.7 million children – the largest refugee population in the world. Nearly 3.6 million Syrians – of whom 1.6 million are children – live in Turkey alongside more than 360,000 nationals primarily from Afghanistan, Iraq and Iran, of whom almost 120,000 are children.
In addition, Turkey continues to serve as a transit country for unregistered refugees and migrants on the move, many of them seeking greater economic or political opportunities. Nearly 4,000 people made the journey from Turkey to Greece by sea in September – the highest number reported so far in 2018. Another 5,229 people were rescued or intercepted by Turkish authorities at sea and on land, including those who have begun using a new land route through the northern Greek province of Evros.3 In addition, seven rounds of re-admissions from Greece to Turkey took place under the EU-Turkey Statement for 76 people; the total number of returns since March 2016 stands at 1,763.