Turkey + 6 more

UNHCR Turkey Factsheet - October 2017


Over 3.5 million refugees
Turkey continues to host the world’s largest refugee population.

Predominantly out of camp
More than 90 per cent of refugees in Turkey live outside of camps in urban and peri-urban areas.

Mostly children and women
70 per cent of refugees in Turkey are women and children.

Working with Partners

■ The Government of Turkey leads the refugee response with UNHCR providing direct operational support, capacity building and technical advice to the Turkish authorities. As the refugee agency, UNHCR also coordinates the efforts of the UN agencies and partners to support Turkey’s refugee response to avoid duplication and gaps in international assistance. In this role, UNHCR co-leads the Regional Refugee Resilience and Response Plan (3RP) for the Syria crisis with UNDP and the Regional Refugee and Migrant Response Plan (RMRP) with IOM.

■ UNHCR in Turkey implements its programmes through various partnerships, namely by supporting public institutions at the national and local levels, through international and national NGOs and with private service providers.

Main Activities

Registration and Refugee Status Determination

■ Verify registration data of 2.7 million Syrian refugees under Temporary Protection: The Directorate General of Migration Management (DGMM), with the support of UNHCR, is conducting a verification exercise to update and obtain missing information, including biometric data, contact information, and detailed background information such as occupation, education and vulnerabilities of refugees. This will introduce verification as a continuous part of registration. Since the beginning of the exercise 529,313 Syrians under TP have been verified in 57 provinces. While verification in Ankara, Kocaeli and Konya concluded, the Provincial Directorates of Migration Management (PDMM) will retain some capacity to process latecomers. The project will be rolled out in all 81 provinces divided into seven zones, with UNHCR supporting DGMM regarding issues on Temporary Protection, and identification and protection of persons with special needs.

■ Register new asylum-seekers from countries other than Syria: 71,233 asylum-seekers were registered by UNHCR by the end of September 2017. The main nationality was Afghan, closely followed by Iraqi, Iranian, and Somali.

■ Conduct UNHCR-DGMM joint registration activities to expand collaboration in terms of data sharing modalities regarding registration of asylum-seekers who apply for International Protection with the Turkish authorities. The aim of which is to gradually transition registration functions to DGMM. A pilot phase began in July 2017 with DGMM starting to process Iranian cases. It is expected that by October DGMM will start processing all asylum-seekers registered by UNHCR. As of the end of September 2017, DGMM processed 1,826 individuals under this joint framework.

■ Transition Refugee Status Determination (RSD) activities into national procedures: UNHCR is further strengthening its cooperation with DGMM to build a strong and quality national asylum system and RSD procedures. UNHCR conducts capacity-building activities for DGMM and PDMM adjudicators, including on-thejob visits to coach PDMM personnel involved in RSD, who are also hosted in UNHCR’s processing office in Ankara as part of staff exchange programmes.

■ Conduct Mandate RSD: 11,672 individuals received an RSD decision from UNHCR under its mandate as of end of September 2017. In 2016, above 20,000 decisions were issued, the highest number ever reached by UNHCR Turkey.