Turkey appeal No. 01.57/2001 situation report No. 3

Period covered: 1 May - 30 June 2001
Maintaining its status as the most disaster prone country in Europe, Turkey experienced a flood and three earthquakes with a magnitude of 5.0 and over during May and June. The importance of Turkey's oldest and largest humanitarian aid agency, the TRCS was highlighted as it celebrated its 133'd anniversary. A restructuring strategy recommended improving its capacity to respond more effectively and efficiently to the constant threat of disaster facing the Turkish people was accepted by TRCS. In order to meet TRCS's priority for self-sustainability, the Psychological Support and Social Welfare programmes are in the process of being merged to produce a Community Centres Programme which will include an explicit income generation component.

The context

In the second half of 1999, two massive earthquakes struck northwestern Turkey, the country's most densely populated region and industrial heartland. The first occurred on 17 August 1999 and was centred on the industrial city of Izmit, leaving 17,100 people dead and a further 44,000 injured. Responding to the Turkish government's plea to the international community for immediate assistance, the International Federation launched a preliminary appeal, followed by a full appeal for CHF 65 million, on 8 September 1999. Two months later, a second major quake occurred in the Bolu/Duzce region, on 12 November 1999, the death toll reached 845 and nearly 5,000 people were injured. An estimated 400,000 buildings either collapsed or were badly damaged by the two earthquakes. Thousands of aftershocks and moderate tremors have occurred since August 1999, not only in northwestern Turkey but also in all quake-prone regions of the country. The socio-economic impact of the 1999 earthquakes will be felt in Turkey for years to come. The disasters have left a long-term legacy, severely damaging the country's infrastructure and having a devastating effect on the lives of the affected population. Unemployment, physical disabilities and psychological trauma are among the most common problems still faced by Turkey's population.

Latest events

Torrential rains caused massive flooding in the southern town of Antakya, in early May. 500 houses were flooded, 37 buildings damaged and 4 bridges collapsed. Settlements near the River Asi were most affected.

The TRCS distributed 116 tents, 1,036 blankets, 396 mattresses, 25 tons of dry food and 5.2 tons of cleaning materials in cooperation with the Hatay Crisis Centre.

Four earthquakes over 5.0 magnitude were recorded in this reporting period in addition to scores of other seismic activity in the country.

The Eastern Anatolian fault line was shaken on 29 May by an earthquake measuring 4.7 on the Richter scale near the north-eastern city of Erzurum. The earthquake and subsequent aftershocks, caused panic in the population as 8 houses were destroyed and an estimated 80 buildings were damaged. Most affected were old houses and homes in shanty towns as a result of poor construction. 100 tents were distributed by the TRCS to fearful residents who decided to spend the night outside their homes. The Federation held a DPRM workshop in Erzurum at the end of April and the British Red Cross has targeted this branch of the TRCS for its branch development programme.

On 5 June, a magnitude 5.0 tremor shook Sevastopol, Balikesir province. There were no records of casualties or injuries, and property damage was minimal. A 5.5 magnitude earthquake occurred in Osmaniye on 25 June, where 146 people died in an earthquake in 1998. The quake damaged 64 houses and caused panic and fear. 130 people were injured when they jumped out of their balconies and windows. The TRCS sent 500 tents and 250 blankets to the area. Another earthquake with magnitude 5.1 occurred in the Dodecanese Islands region in the Aegean Sea on 23 June but did not cause any damage or injuries.

In other news, predictions for major earthquakes have become prolific towards the end of the university year, as well as news of preparedness plans or the lack thereof.

The National Intelligence Organisation (NIT) reported that poverty and unemployment has increased due to the financial crisis that hit the country starting February 2001. The NIT warned the National Security Council about increased social unrest in the country due to the ongoing economic reforms and emphasized that unless measures are taken to improve the conditions for the low-income, social eruption is inevitable. One impact can be observed in the reconstruction of homes for earthquake victims - the construction budgets have doubled for those who have not been accommodated in social permanent housing so far.

Red Cross/Red Crescent action

Turkish Red Crescent Society (TRCS)

The TRCS's annual Blood Week to encourage blood donations took place between 6 - 12 May. The TRCS has the only blood programme in the country and hopes to expand it to make Turkey self- sufficient in blood and blood products.

The head of the training department of the TRCS held a training workshop for the Federation and PNSs to discuss TRCS's future training needs and priorities. Department heads for the blood, search and rescue, health, and international departments also provided input.

In response to flooding caused by heavy rains and melting snow in the Trans-Carpathian region of Ukraine, the TRCS sent US $ 15,172 (TL 18.3 billion) worth of food, medicines, bedding and kitchen sets on 31 May.

On 2 June, the TRCS sent 2 truckloads of humanitarian aid to an elderly home in the Autonomous Republic of Gagavuz. The aid consisted of food aid, medicines, bedding and kitchen equipment worth US $ 8,592.

The TRCS signed a partnership agreement on 5 June with the Istanbul Technical University (ITU) to provide for increased efficiency in disaster response management and information sharing systems. The agreement culminated from discussions by TRCS, the American Red Cross and ITU over the past 3 months. The aim of the project is twofold: TRCS will provide first aid training for a trainers programme to ITU management, academic staff and students; and ITU will provide training support to TRCS regarding disaster response planning and Geographical Information Systems. Later, first aid training will be provided to the public accompanied by a public education programme about disaster response and preparedness.

On 9 June, an Assembly Meeting was held by the Middle East Technical University (METU) to present recommendations for TRCS's restructuring process to members of its central committee and branches. METU's suggestions were related to the TRCS's change in its organisational identity, attitudes and behaviours, structural characteristics and its activities. A change in statutes would have to accompany the restructuring proposal at a later stage. 25 recommendations were presented, of which 23 were accepted by the Assembly. The TRCS is presently developing a Management Development Unit, as a part of the restructuring process. This will enable the TRCS's NHQs to systematically carry out strategic planning in conjunction with METU and TRCS branches.

The TRCS celebrated its 133rd anniversary on 11 June with an inauguration ceremony of the Mustafa Dursun Yangin Medical Centre of TRCS's Cankaya Branch in Ankara. The German Red Cross presented TRCS with a six-bedded blood mobile unit to celebrate this occasion. A press conference was held following the occasion outlining the TRCS's programming commitments in four areas: blood services; disaster preparedness and response; first aid training; and volunteer development.

The head of the international department and a lawyer from TRCS's law department participated in a technical meeting on International Humanitarian Law (IHL), held in Athens, 14 - 17 June in preparation for the Balkan Conference. Turkey and Bulgaria are the initiators of the Balkan Conference in 1999 focusing on regional disaster preparedness. Through a series of workshops, the objective of this meeting was to formulate and submit proposals on IHL to the Balkan Conference to be held in 2003. The ICRC and all the Balkan countries (with the exception of Romania) participated in this meeting.

International Federation

Disaster Response Preparedness and Management (DRPM): This reporting period was used to assess and evaluate achievements and shortfalls in the preceding training period, December 2000 - May 2001. During this period, 3 project planning and 3 disaster preparedness and response management workshops were conducted, in addition to logistics, telecommunications and other training provided by the PNSs.

The DP delegate intern from the Phillipines Red Cross, who is in Ankara for three months, organised TRCS's training needs/priorities into a Strategy 2010 framework. Since TRCS's training strategy will not be presented until the TRCS's restructuring process has progressed further, the reorganisation of the list brings focus and structure for now, to perceived prioritised training needs.

A public education campaign suggestion for disaster preparedness was made to the TRCS. Considering the variety of disasters which befall the country on a regular basis - earthquakes, floods, mudslides, fires - the TRCS has been encouraged to prioritise and survey the best communication tools available. The first task which involved collecting various material already published by the Civil Defense, etc and find a new way to present it to the public, has commenced.

The construction of a tent production facility started at the TRCS Etimusgut warehouse in May. It is slated for completion in July. Tent fabric specifications were confirmed by the TRCS and the information was given to the Netherlands Red Cross for the procurement process. Preparation for the procurement of machinery for the tent facility has also begun at the end of June. TRCS currently has approximately 30,000 tents in stock and is planning to build an inventory of 60,000 tents (enough to shelter 300,000 people).

The American Red Cross (ARC) has started to expand its programming in Turkey.

From June 11 to 15, the ARC conducted a planning workshop with participation from TRCS and the Federation counterparts to further develop a common vision, strategies and a set of objectives for joint ARC-TRCS projects. The TRCS and the ARC developed a set of logical framework documents to use as a basis for prioritizing future project proposals.

The ARC initiated its Community Disaster Preparedness Programme (CDPP) with the TRCS in June. Two TRCS branches have been selected for the assessment of branch capacities, opportunities, and work in the community: Gazi Osman Pasa Branch in Istanbul; and the Izmir Branch in Izmir. The ARC consultant on this

project will also participate in the Federation delegation's Country Partnership Strategy (CPS), which is currently under development.

The ARC has also sponsored 2 staff from TRCS' Search and Rescue (SAR) Department to participate in a weeklong TOT course on Community Emergency Response Teams (CERTs) held by Bogazici University's Istanbul Community Impact Project. It is hoped that TRCS will include the CERT concept in their branch disaster and SAR programs.

The ARC is commencing implementation of the Earthquake Research Information Centre for Humanitarian Assistance (ERICHA). The goal of ERICHA is to create stronger links between information and data being developed by research organizations and the knowledge being used by relief organizations and community groups to guide preparedness and response activities in the field. To date, the ARC has focused most of its activities on internal planning for the ARC's support to ERICHA. At the end of June, the ARC made a presentation to the TRCS' leadership as a prelude to intensified collaboration between TRCS and ARC in implementing ERICHA's activities in Turkey.

So far the ARC has provided research funding to:

Kandilli Observatory to prepare Risk and Hazard mappings and structural inventories for earthquake risk areas in Istanbul.

  • The Istanbul Community Impact Project to collect data on injuries, deaths, vulnerabilities, and the effectiveness of people's immediate reactions in the most affected areas during the Kocaeli (Golcuk) earthquake.

  • Bogazici University to study the available resources, coordination and information flow during the response to the recent 5.4 earthquake in Osmaniye.

An agreement has been signed with the TRCS formalizing ARC and TRCS roles in the establishment of a TRCS Disaster Operations Centre (DOC). The TRCS has commenced construction of the facility. ARC has initiated tenders for computer and communications equipment and furniture for the DOC. Inauguration is planned for 17 August.

A donation of 60 tents and 1,400 blankets, valued at US $ 35,000, was made by the French Red Cross to the TRCS's Maltepe warehouse. The FRC also donated its warehouse in Akyazi, valued at US $ 16,000 to the TRCS's Akyazi branch. The last delegate for the French Red Cross left Turkey at the end of May but certain activities, primarily first aid training will continue under the supervision of local staff.

Health - First Aid: The FRC rendered 2 courses in first aid in TRCS's Avicilar and Besiktas Branches for 20 TRCS and Federation staff. A total of 200 participants have completed this course since its inception in the Istanbul area.

The Italian Red Cross has presented the TRCS with a draft project proposal for first aid training programmes it is willing to support in 5 identified TRCS branches. In connection with this programme, the IRC visited the Bulgarian Red Cross for mannequin selection. The IBC's office is now officially based in Ankara and two local staff has been hired to support the IBC's programming in first aid.

The Spanish Red Cross and the TRCS defined terms of reference for funding of future first aid programmes: the NHQs staff will be trained by the trainers graduating from the TOTs courses; courses are taking place at the Ankara Blood Centre; candidates will be selected as per the criteria determined by both the TRCS and the SRC; and 260 people are targeted for this training.

The SRC's tent city in Bolu has been closed together with other tent cities constructed during the Marmara earthquakes. The affected population has been re-housed in prefabricated or permanent houses. The SRC's pilot project for first aid training is planned for various municipal and community organisations in Bolu and it will include elements of sustainability and the use of volunteers for training.

For the past few months, the TRCS and the SRC are drawing up regulations on first aid training which will act as guidelines to branches and blood centres participating in the first aid programme. At the request of other

interested institutions such as the Civil Defence General Directorate, a presentation will be made on how to design training of trainers workshops and public courses on first aid.

Education/Training: The Norwegian Red Cross held a Field Hospital Training Workshop in Ankara, 12 - 20 June. The workshop and the replenished equipment worth US $ 475,000 for a field hospital which was left with the TRCS after the Marmara Earthquakes, was funded by the NRC, the Australian Red Cross and the British Red Cross. A total of 44 participants, 40 from the TRCS and 4 from Norway took part in the workshop; participants included doctors, nurses and technicians from various TRCS-run blood centres and health clinics; 30 volunteers from the Etimesgut warehouse participated as dummy patients for the simulation exercise. 12 Norwegians with extensive experience in field hospitals facilitated the workshop and the Federation's Reporting/Information delegate gave a presentation on working with the media in disaster situations. Local media was invited to participate as themselves in the simulation exercise and this was covered on two television stations.

Logistics: The training of the fleet manager to assume the majority of the responsibilities of the logistics delegate when he leaves in July intensified during this reporting period. Part of the training process has involved logistics mapping where about 25 companies have been identified for emergency supplies such as blankets, office containers, shower/toilet containers, etc. The TRCS provided complementary data and information input into the logistics mapping. In addition, transportation systems and airports capacity is under review.

A logistics workshop, 23 - 25 May, was held for 33 participants, 28 from the TRCS staff and some from the PNSs. Two members of the logitics department at the secretariart facititated the workshop. The success of the workshop can be measured by the request from the TRCS's management for the SUMA which is a warehouse management software used in central and south America. It has been requested from the Nicaraguan Red Cross. A translation problem is envisaged as the software will have to be translated from Spanish into Turkish and then taught to relevant TRCS staff. All materials for the logistics workshop were translated into Turkish by the delegation's Translator.

A one day workshop on Transport Management Systems was facititated by the delegation's fleet manager on 16 June for 6 TRCS staff. Computers for the training were provided by the TRCS. The TRCS also wants to adopt the TMS software package into their own systems Translation is problematic due to programme specificities. The delegation's telecommuni-cations delegate and the secretariart's information department are working to adapt the software for use in Turkey.

Procurements of computers and a photocopy machine have been made for the American Red Cross and mannequins for the Italian Red Cross's first aid programme.

Telecommunications: A telecommunications container office was set up at TRCS's Etimesgut warehouse in Ankara in the first week of May so that workshops could be held there.

4 technicians and the head of the relief department took English conversation classes for 2 months, 4 May - 30 June: 3 attended beginner classes while the other 2 attended advanced English conversation classes. Funding is provided by the Federation.

A VHF training course, 14 - 25 May, was held at the Aselsan offices, the company providing the VHF radios in Ankara. 4 telecommunications technicians from the TRCS NHQs, 4 electronic technicians from the Etimesgut warehouse, and the head of the TRCS's relief department attended. Sessions covered included: basic electric circuit theory; equipment operation; frequency programming using a computer; and VHF repeater installation.

Although the original plan was to set up a VHF repeater station at the Etimesgut warehouse, a decision was made to move the repeater to the Ankara airport so that all of Ankara city was covered. The installation took place at the end of June.

The telecommunications delegate attended the World Congress on Disaster Telecommunica-tions in Helsinki, Finland where the aim was to discuss the latest technolology and its use in conflict and disaster situations. It is expected that wireless communications will revoluntionize disaster and conflict response and relief in the near future.

Delivery and installation of the computers and networking equipment for the TRCS headquarters and key TRCS facilities in Istanbul and Ankara have been completed. This automation project is funded by the German Red Cross and the American Red Cross.

Community Centres Programme: The integration plan of the Psychosocial Support Programme and the Social Welfare Programme was completed at the end of May after several months of deliberation. Theoretically, the two programmes no longer exist separately and all members of the two programmes have had their duties reassigned. The new integrated programme is referred to as the Community Centres Programme (CCP).

The main objective of the merger was to ensure the self-sustainability of the psychosocial support programme in the future through income generating activities. Local TRCS branches who are expected to eventually take over the PSPs, presently running in 3 locations, felt that the centres would be unsustainable for them on their meagre funds.

The plan for the merger was orchestrated at a workshop in Ankara. A representative of the Canadian Red Cross, who conducted a monitoring mission of both programmes in December 2000, revisited Turkey 10 - 23 May. She conducted a workshop on the merger 17 -18 May, together with the community development and the psychosocial support representatives from the Secretariat in Geneva. Participants included: the TRCS's deputy director general and the director of health (counterpart for both the PSP/SW programmes); TRCS psychological support unit staff; Federation PSP and SW staff; Federation's field coordinator and programme coordinator; Administration of Social Services and Protection of Children representative, Hacettepe University; Ministry of Social Services; and a representative from the Turkish Psychologists Association. The last three entities constitute the National Advisory Committee, whose role is to provide professional advice regarding the management of the programme.

Proposed income generation activities for the centres include rental of facilities for social activities such as weddings, circumcision ceremonies, plays, awareness raising forums, etc. In addition, both group and individual psychological counselling will be offered at the centres. The TRCS expects to initiate a community-based first aid training programme, for which it will charge a nominal amount to recover expenses.

One of the major difficulties encountered by the Federation and the TRCS in formalising the proposed merger is adhering to the rules and regulations set out for the management of Community Centres by the Ministry of Social Services. Problematic requirements include that community centres do not engage in any income generation activities and that a social worker be appointed as the manager of a centre as opposed to a financial manager. The TRCS has planned a meeting with the appropriate authority to obtain special status for the proposed community centres.

The plan of action for the community centres has been reviewed by the National Advisory Committee and it is expected to be presented to the TRCS's Executive Committee for approval in mid-July. The main components are as follows:

  • A total of 6 community centres are planned.
  • The existing PSP centres in Avcilar, Duzce and Izmit will be transferred to the community centres when construction for the 3 centres is complete.
  • The first community centre to be integrated will be constructed in Kaynasli.
  • The second will be the Adapazari centre, an area which suffered significant damage during the August 1999 earthquake.
  • The third will be constructed in Yalova and combined with a "Mental Health Centre", a project conceived by the TRCS and the Ministry of Social Security. The budget for this building has been allocated to the construction programmes budget for the Federation.

The main donors for this programme are the Canadian Red Cross, the Kuwaiti Red Crescent, the Irish Red Cross and the Danish Red Cross Societies.

Social Welfare: The contract for the construction of the first Community Centre in Kaynasli stipulated the deadline for work completed as the end of August. However, results of a soil investigation show that there may be a risk of liquidation, forcing a change in the type of foundation required. This has created a delay in the start of the construction.

The TRCS has a new branch at Kaynasli which will administer this Community Centre.

Psychosocial support programme (PSP): A media workshop was held by the reporting/information department in May for all PSP staff as a result of increasingly frequent demands from the media for information and interviews. The aim of the workshop was to provide the PSP staff with knowledge on the Federation's mission within Turkey, as well as, increase their knowledge and sensitivity in the field regarding relationships with the media.

In collaboration with the Turkish Psychologists Association, a pilot project for mobile psychological support during a disaster was initiated during the Antakya-Hatay flood. Two PSP staff, one from Aviclar and the other from the TRCS's NHQs were sent to Antakya. Through the distribution of brochures and the public group information sessions, the affected population, as well as, the municipality workers supporting them, were briefed on the symptoms of trauma, stress and other disaster related psychological responses.

In May, the first follow-up training for trainers workshop for Hare PSP staff, Federation PSP staff and 17 volunteers, 8 of whom were new, took place in Izmit. The Canadian Red Cross representative and the Federation's field coordinator also attended the training. In June, a similar follow-up training took place in Duzce's Pusula centre, where 8 of the 14 volunteers were new. In both, the work of old volunteers was assessed and acknowledged and at the same time, new volunteers were welcomed to the centres.

In the second follow-up training workshop at Avcilar's Amindos Centre, old volunteers participated in the training of new volunteers by employing the training methodology and experience gained from trainers of the NGO Appartenances and the Turkish Psychologists Association. Hence, the snowball effect has now created the second tier of volunteers who will start their training in community-based psychological support.

Community and individual activities planned at the 3 centres:

Pusula PSP Centre
Amindos PSP Centre
Hare PSP Centre
  • First Aid Training for the community
  • First Aid Training for the community
  • Tree planting in a memorial forest for earthquake victims
  • Nature walks
  • Nature walks
  • Nature walks
  • Youth group workshops for those raised in orphanages
  • Support group for parents with children with difficulties
  • Painting activities for children in age group 7-12 years
  • Spring Festival with students of Abant Izzet Baysal University
  • Psychological discussion group on various issues
  • Kite making workshop for children for kite flying festival in Izmit
  • Visits to prefabricated settlements
  • Community diagnosis in short term resettlement areas for earthquake victims
  • Physical exercise programme for women
  • Support groups and individual counselling sessions in Kaynasli Health Unit
  • Poetry days
  • Support groups in Duzce State Hospital and Provincial Agricultural Directorate (formerly a GRC programme)

The participation of community members in the Centres in the months of May and June were as follows:

PSP Centre
On Site
Pusula (Duzce)
Amindos (Avcilar)
Hare (Izmit)

An agreement was signed between 2 external supervisors for the PSP centres and the International Federation: one of the supervisors is a social worker from Hacettepe University Faculty of Social Services; and the other, a member of the Turkish Psychologists Association. The supervision programme was recommended by the Canadian Red Cross representative with aim of providing the social worker and the psychologist in each of the 3 PSP centres with feedback on how to improve their skills for qualitative service. Supervision will presently be restricted to issues regarding psychological group activities through support to groups on addressing specific concerns of the communities involved. Any requirement for supervision of the individual counselling programme will be evaluated after three months. Three supervisory sessions were completed in June

Monthly coordination meetings held at the Yenikoy Training Centre were facilitated by the PSP counterpart in TRCS and include representatives from the PSP programme funded by the German Red Cross, and several governmental and non-governmental agencies. Staff from the PSP centres attended the Group Psychotherapies Symposium that took place in Bergama, Izmir province to enhance their capacity in support group therapy, an important component at each PSP Centre.

The German Red Cross will continue to fund the community based psychosocial programme based at the Yenikoy Training Centre until the end of the year.

Construction: A new construction delegate has arrived to take over the International Federation's 4 school and 3 hospital construction projects throughout the earthquake zone. Not included as yet are the planned construction of the community centres programmes.

The Sakarya State Hospital's foundation was laid in May and by the end of June, a two storey steel structure was half complete. The contractor is slightly ahead of schedule in the construction of this 3,200 m2 hospital extension. Sharing the same design is the Duzce State Hospital. Tenders for the construction of this project were opened at the end of May and the Ministry of Health signed the construction contract on 25 June. The contractor is expected to complete the construction of this project in 8 months.

Plans for the 25-bed Korfez Hospital had been delayed due to problems relating to land ownership of the construction site. This issue has now been resolved and a soil report is awaited to finalize the structural design of the hospital.

The Derince Primary School is in the final stage of construction with the interior finished. An external water reservoir is being built for additional reserves in case of fire. This work is additional to what was originally agreed with the contractor. Basic landscaping of the schoolyard will be completed next and falls within the budget.

The prequalification for contractors for the Cubuklu and the Inkilap Primary Schools took place in the beginning of June and the tender process has now begun. The design of the Samat Primary School has been approved by the Governorship of Bolu province and the tender process will begin soon.

Branch development: The desk officer and program manager from the British Red Cross visited Turkey from 15 June to 23 June to solidify plans for branch development in Eruzurum, the site of a recent earthquake. The project proposal was reviewed by TRCS's Executive Board on June 28.

A Memorandum of Understanding between the TRCS and the German Red Cross was negotiated for various programmes which will be funded by the GRC as per the TRCS's priorities, including branch development. Two branches destroyed in the Marmara earthquakes, Duzce and Golcuk will be rebuilt. The MoU will be signed on 4 July at the inauguration of the Bolu State Hospital.

Outstanding Needs

Water-sanitation: A water project to support a village of 50,000 near Kandira, the site of the completed water pipeline project, has been identified. Funding for this project in Avluburun, which will cost an estimated US $ 650,000, is being sought.

External relations/ Government/ UN/ NGOs/Media

Following the Federation delegation's letter to the Prime Minister of Turkey regarding legal status for PNSs in Turkey, the director-general of TRCS issued a letter to the Ministry of Interior requesting a response. The process of evaluating the PNSs for legal status in Turkey started with a request for documents from the Chief of the Ankara Public Security Department. The sequential procedure is as follows: the Ministry of Interior will evaluate the request together with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, before sending the request to the Prime Minister; the Council of Ministers will make a decision on granting legal status to the PNSs not individually but as a group.

A UN Disaster Management Team meeting was held on 23 May, where the disaster management plan adopted at the 19 March meeting was reviewed. Focal points in respective agencies of the DMT working group will collect, coordinate and consolidate information in order to present the same at the next working group meeting scheduled for 4 July.


See Annex 1 for details

Peter Rees-Gildea
Head, a.i.
Relationship Management Department

Lynette Lowndes
Europe Department

Annex 1

APPEAL No. 01.57/2001
CASH CARRIED FORWARD (estimated as of 15/12/2000)
Great Britain