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Turkey: 3RP Regional Refugee & Resilience Plan 2016-2017 in Response to the Syria Crisis

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Introduction &Context

As the Syrian refugee crisis enters into its fifth year, the protracted situation is having a growing impact beyond its neighbouring countries. Instability in the region is expected to persist, and consequent displacement, inside Syria and across the border into Turkey, will continue. Given the fluid situation on the ground, it is uncertain what the scale of refugee flows from Syria or Iraq in 2016 will be.

Turkey now hosts the largest number of refugees in the world, including more than two million Syrian refugees, out of which more than half are children.

Amidst all the challenges facing Turkey in receiving this large number of displaced people, Turkey has established a strong asylum framework through the Law on Foreigners and International Protection and the Temporary Protection Regulation, not only attempting to address the immediate humanitarian needs of refugees, but also envisioning to building up the resilience of the displaced population by offering health care and education, and with plans for enabling Syrians to gain access to the labour market.

The access to the labour market is still pending the announcement of the secondary regulation which will determine the principles and procedures for Syrian’s access to employment.

However, inconsistent interpretations and practices on rights and service provisions have been observed across 3RP sectors and locations in the country following the announcement of the Temporary Protection Regulation in October 2014. In addition, an increased number of new actors in the Syrian response, including government and non-governmental partners, underline the continued need for integrated strategies for advocacy and capacity building.