Introduction & Methodology
By the end of 2017 there were 3,424,2371 (mainly Syrian) refugees living in Turkey. Just seven percent of them (228,229 refugees2 ) were housed in 20 camps, and the rest were living in Turkish communities throughout the country.
Launched across Turkey in November 2016, the Emergency Social Safety Net (ESSN) is a multi-purpose cash transfer programme that aims to support up to 1.5 million of the most vulnerable refugees to meet their basic needs. Each beneficiary household receives a debit card loaded with 120 Turkish Liras per family member per month to use in shops or ATMs. Families also receive quarterly top- ups.
Under the design of the ESSN, WFP is responsible for monitoring and accountability. Within WFP Turkey, the VAM/M&E unit is responsible for providing the evidence required to plan and adjust programmatic interventions. This second CVME (CVME2), led by the World Food Programme and Turkish Red Crescent, seeks to understand the depth of vulnerability of refugees in Turkey and to identify their unmet needs. The results of this exercise can be used to adjust the ESSN design and implementation accordingly.
The first round of data (CVME1) was collected in MayAugust 2017 with findings used to enhance the ESSN processes in 2017. The CVME2 data was collected in September-November, with data cleaning in December 2017.
Like CVME1, CVME2 collected information on respondents’ health, education, income, expenditure, debt, living conditions and food security, aiming to track trends in socioeconomic vulnerability across the refugee population. As beneficiary and non-beneficiary groups are tracked separately, the CVME2 also allows insight into the effect of the ESSN cash transfers.