Turkey + 8 more

Humanitarian Implementation Plan (HIP) for Turkey (ECHO/TUR/BUD/2017/91000) Last update: 13/11/2017 Version 2

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The full implementation of this version of the HIP is conditional upon the necessary appropriations being made available from the 2017 general budget of the European Union

AMOUNT: EUR 782 357 929

The full implementation of this version of the HIP is conditional upon the necessary appropriations being made available from the 2017 general budget of the European Union

The present Humanitarian Implementation Plan (HIP) was prepared on the basis of financing decision ECHO/WWD/BUD/2017 /01000 (Worldwide Decision) and the related General Guidelines for Operational Priorities on Humanitarian Aid (Operational Priorities). The purpose of the HIP and its annex is to serve as a communication tool for ECHO's partners and to assist in the preparation of their proposals. The provisions of the Worldwide Decision and the General Conditions of the Agreement with the European Commission shall take precedence over the provisions in this document.

  1. Major changes since previous version of the HIP

First modification 13/11/2017

This modification is necessary to finalise EU and Member States commitment to fund a total of EUR 3 billion under the Facility for Refugees in Turkey. It constitutes an increase for the current HIP of EUR 68 319 929 for the humanitarian leg of the Facility.

Since the writing of this HIP (first quarter 2017), there has been a significant increase (from 3.2 to 3 .million) in the number of refugees (those under Temporary Protection and International Protection) with over 3.2 million Syrians under Temporary Protection status.

The Turkish authorities have made efforts to speed up the process for granting Temporary Protection status to Syrians following their pre-registration, which has led to a clearing of the backlog.
The out-of-camp refugees, constituting 93%, remain the main focus of DG ECHO operations, given their vulnerability.

Despite the funding already allocated under the humanitarian leg of the Facility, targeting the most vulnerable refugees, there are still significant unmet humanitarian needs of refugees.
Important gaps in the field of protection, health and education still remain as for example still 370 000 Syrian children out of school, requiring urgently education in emergency.

These funds will contribute to the continuation of DG ECHO's strategy in Turkey by supporting additional activities in the field of protection, health and education and where possible build on existing government systems. In particular, this additional support will go towards consolidating progress under the CCTE (Conditional Cash Transfer for Education) flagship project.

CONTEXT

As the conflict inside Syria enters its seventh year, Syrians continue to represent the largest displaced population in the world, with about five million Syrians registered as refugees in neighboring countries, and close to eight million internally displaced inside Syria. In Turkey, the estimated number of registered refugees reaches 3.2 million. Since 2011, close to three million Syrians have been registered with the Turkish government under the Temporary Protection (TP) Regulation. In addition, Turkey’ s geographic location makes it both a destination and a transit country for refugees and migrants from other countries in the region, including Iraqis, Afghans, Pakistanis, Iranians and Somalis, among others. Close to 300 000 people (mostly Iraqis and Afghans) have applied for International Protection (IP) with the Turkish government. For the second year in a row, Turkey remains the country hosting the largest number of refugees in the world.

Largely due to Turkey’s efforts to curb irregular migration, in 2016 the total number of arrivals to Europe through the Eastern Mediterranean was reduced to fewer than 200 000, compared to 2015 when almost one million people arrived in Europe. The number of deaths and missing at sea in the Aegean Sea was also reduced tenfold between 2015 and 2016.

The 15 October 2015 EU - Turkey Joint Action Plan and the 7 March 2016 EU - Turkey Statement describes the EU and Turkey’s cooperation on migration management and shared responsibility for assistance provision to refugees in Turkey. The 24 November 2015 Commission Decision establishing the EU Facility for Refugees in Turkey (“the Facility”) mobilized EUR 3 billion to assist Turkey in addressing the needs of refugees and host communities.

The European Commission’s strategy described herein represents the humanitarian pillar of the Facility, amounting to almost half of the total EUR 3 billion envelope in 2016 - 2017.
In parallel to the influx of refugees and migrants, the political and security context of Turkey has been evolving rapidly. The breakdown of talks between the government and the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK ) in 2015 has led to an upsurge in violence, mostly within the East and Southeast Anatolian regions of Turkey, but also elsewhere in the country. The insecurity has forced both Turkish and refugee populations to move from their habitual places of residence. Other attacks in primarily urban centers over recent months have been attributed to or have been claimed by ISIS.

An attempted coup d’état in July 2016 led to the declaration of a state of emergency; a subsequent purge of government services and departments, the military, private sector, media and civil society (among others) affecting tens of thousands continues across the country.

On 16 April 2017, a national referendum proposing to change the structure of governance in the country from a parliamentary system to a presidential one was conducted, with the “Yes” campaign winning the referendum.

ECHO's Integrated Analysis FramewFramework016 identified high humanitarian needs in Turkey. The vulnerability of the population affected by the crisis is assessed to be high.