Key Messages - The overwhelming influx of Syrian and other refugees and migrants into Turkey has reached over 2.5 million registered Syrian refugees, making Turkey the largest host of refugees in the world. - In the first two months of 2016 some 100 000 people have arrived through Turkey to Greece by sea. - About 90% of Syrian refugees in Turkey remain outside of camp settings and live in urban and rural areas, with acutely limited access to basic services. - UNHCR estimates that more than half of the Syrian refugees are children, out of the 400 000 remain out of school. - The European Commission is supporting vulnerable refugees in Turkey who have fled violence in both Syria and Iraq, in particular refugees living outside of camps. - The European Commission and its Members States are funding the “Refugee Facility for Turkey which will provide €3 billion for humanitarian and development projects in 2016 and 2017.