Türkiye + 6 more

ECHO Factsheet – Turkey Refugee Crisis – June 2018



  • Approximately 3.9 million refugees in Turkey (source Republic of Turkey, Ministry of Interior)

  • European Commission humanitarian funding for Turkey under the EU Facility for Refugees in Turkey: €1.4 billion in 2016-2017

  • Total aid under the EU Facility for Refugees in Turkey: €3 billion in 2016-2017


The number of refugees in Turkey has reached some 3.9 million, making Turkey the country with the highest number of refugees in the world. About 94% of Syrian refugees in Turkey remain outside of camps with limited but growing access to basic services. The EU has contracted 45 humanitarian projects with 19 humanitarian organisations, which are working in close cooperation with Turkish partner organisations to help the most vulnerable refugees.

What are the needs?

Some 3.9 million registered refugees live in Turkey, including Syrians, Iraqis, Afghans, Iranians, and Somalis among others.

Out of these, almost 220 000 people are hosted in camps run by the Turkish authorities, where refugees have access to shelter, health, education, food, and social activities.

Most Syrian refugees and many refugees from other nationalities live outside the camps, under very challenging circumstances with depleted resources. Registered refugees have access to public services, including education and healthcare. However, for many refugees, access to these basic facilities is often difficult for various reasons, including problems in registering with local authorities, and the language barrier.