Pacific Risk Resilience Programme Country Briefs - Tonga

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Tonga has the world’s third highest level of risk to disasters,with the effects of climate change increasing their frequency and intensity. This poses serious threats to people, the environment and livelihoods in Tonga - especially for communities on the outer islands who are often most vulnerable to climate change and disasters.

To address these challenges the Tonga Sustainable Development Framework (TSDF) is committed to better integration of climate change and disaster risk management (CCDRM) into broader socio-economic development. With a community level focus this approach is expected to address people’s vulnerability and help them build their resilience to current and future risks. Tonga was the first Pacific island country to develop a Joint National Action Plan (JNAP) on Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management in 2010. Implementation of the JNAP is a focus area for the TSDF to better integrate CCDRM between levels of government and communities (vertically) and across sectors (horizontally).