Togo: Civil Transition - Information Bulletin n° 1

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In Brief

This Information Bulletin (no. 1/2005) is being issued for information only. The Federation is not seeking funding or other assistance from donors for this operation at this time.

The Situation

The President of Togo, Gnassingbé Eyadéma, died on Saturday 5 February at the age of 69. He was in power for 38 years, Africa's longest-serving head of state. After legalising political parties in 1991, he won three contentious elections. Internal political crises and civil unrest have resulted in population movements by Togolese to the neighbouring countries of Ghana, Benin and Nigeria: in 1993, approximately 350,000 fled to Ghana, Benin and Nigeria. In 1998, tension again increased related to elections in Togo, with some unrest in the capital Lomé.

Following the death of the president, there is concern that order should be maintained and the previous disruptions and unrests should not reoccur. At the moment, Togo's airports, sea ports and land frontiers are closed. The late president's son, Faure Gnassingbe, a minister in the government, was formally sworn in as president on Monday 7 February.

Red Cross and Red Crescent action

On Sunday 6 February, the Regional Delegation together with the Nigeria Sub-Regional Office/Lagos and Mano River Sub-Regional Office/Abidjan organized an emergency meeting in Dakar with representatives of the Togolese Red Cross and Ghana Red Cross. Both national societies see an urgent need to prepare for potential civil unrest and population movements. Two scenarios and respective necessary actions were analysed: Peaceful situation or internal conflict with population movements within Togo, but also to the neighbouring countries of Benin and Ghana. Based on the previous experience of the national societies within the region, the branches and volunteers at the border areas are alerted and prepare themselves.

The Togolese Red Cross has been supported by the ICRC in 2004 to train volunteers, provide basic equipment to branches and install a radio communication system. Training specific to population movement is carried out once a year. A similar programme is carried out with the Ghana Red Cross.

The ICRC office in Abidjan confirmed to send emergency equipment to Togo on Thursday and re-establish the partly-dysfunctional radio communication system.

The National Red Cross Societies of Togo and neighbouring countries Ghana and Benin are monitoring the situation and will inform the Federation representations (Lagos Regional Office and Dakar Regional Delegation) on further changes and necessary support required.


The Regional Delegation for West & Central Africa in Dakar and the Regional Office in Lagos are coordinating closely with the concerned National Societies and other Movement partners, especially the ICRC, as well as UN organisations. The Regional Delegation will take the lead in monitoring the situation aiming to ensure that all Movement partners are positioned to assist, if needed.

All International Federation Operations seek to adhere to the Code of Conduct and are committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (SPHERE Project) in delivering assistance o t the most vulnerable. For support to or for further information concerning Federation operations in this or other countries, please access the Federation website at For longer-term programmes, please refer to the Federation's Annual Appeal for Nigeria sub-regional programmes (which includes Benin, Ghana, Togo and Nigeria), no. 05AA025 (as part of the Nigeria sub-regional programme Appeal - .

For further information specifically related to this operation please contact:

In Togo: Norbert Gagno Paniah, President, Togolese Red Cross, Lomé; Email ; Phone or; Fax

In Nigeria: George Bennett, Federation Head of Nigeria Sub-Regional Office, Lagos; Email; Phone; Fax

In Senegal: Alasan Senghore, Federation Head of West and Central Africa Regional Delegation, Dakar; Email; Phone2 21.869.3641; Fax 221.860.2002

In Geneva; Christophe Grospierre, Federation Acting Regional Officer for West and Central Africa, Africa Dept.; Email; Phone 41.22.730.43.13; Fax 41.22.733.03.95

All International Federation assistance seeks to adhere to the Code of Conduct and is committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable. For support to or for further information concerning Federation programmes or opera tions in this or other countries, or for a full description of the national society profile, please access the Federation's website at