Climate risk country profile: Togo


This climate risk profile is intended to serve as a public good to facilitate upstream country diagnostics, policy dialogue, and strategic planning by providing comprehensive overviews of trends and projected changes in key climate parameters, sector-specific implications, relevant policies and programs, adaptation priorities and opportunities for further actions. The Republic of Togo is located in West Africa, along the Gulf of Guinea. Togo is a low-income country and poverty rates remain high, with an estimated 69% of rural households currently living below the poverty line. Togo submitted its Nationally-Determined Contribution (NDC) to the UNFCCC in 2016, which outlines the country’s efforts to promote sustainable economic development goals and strengthen the resilience of its production systems and to reduce population vulnerability to climate change. Togo was currently undergoing a review of its NDC, with an updated anticipated for release, June 2021 and Togo has also begun the process of producing its Fourth National Communication.

This climate risk profile provides key messages regarding the climate future of Togo, including:

  • Temperature is projected to increase progressively in Togo throughout the end of the century. Temperatures will increase across the whole country, with the greatest increases projected for inland regions, while increase in coastal temperatures will be moderated by the ocean.
  • Rainfall projections for Togo are highly variable and most indications project likely seasonal changes to rainfall patterns.
  • Recurring flooding and drought in Togo are anticipated to continue to have negative socio-economic effects on the population, the environment, and the economy.
  • Water scarcity is projected to be particularly acute for northern areas of the country.