Thailand + 3 more

Tsunami emergency and recovery revised plan of action 2005-2007 Indonesia, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, Thailand and regional and global support: Revised plan and budget No. M04EA028 Part 1

Situation Report
Originally published


The Federation's mission is to improve the lives of vulnerable people by mobilizing the power of humanity. It is the world's largest humanitarian organization and its millions of volunteers are active in over 185 countries.

In Brief

Emergency and Recovery Plan of Action (Appeal No. 28/2004) Ops. Update no. 61

Period covered: December 2004 to September 2006

Appeal coverage: 70%

This Operations Update is presented in two parts: part one comprises the revised appeal for the most affected countries; the second part comprises those countries not covered by the revised appeal.



The earthquake and series of tsunamis that devastated countries around the Indian Ocean rim on 26 December 2004 prompted a massive humanitarian response. The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (International Federation), along with member National Societies, mounted the largest operation in its history to assist survivors in the immediate aftermath, and to help them rebuild their shattered lives. Most activities focused on the four worst-hit countries: Indonesia, the Maldives, Sri Lanka and Thailand. 18 months after the initial event, as the emergency response wound down and recovery was underway, it was recognized that a new plan was needed to reflect the changing environment. The new plan and budget reflect an approach which is strictly focused on tsunami-affected communities in the worst-affected countries, including measures to better protect communities around the Indian Ocean against hazards. In addition the new plan and budget reflect the fact that the majority of the Red Cross Red Crescent tsunami recovery operation is being implemented directly by National Societies, making it necessary for the Federation Secretariat to scale back its operational involvement whilst increasing and refining its capacity to coordinate and provide support services to the membership.

It also takes into consideration data from new needs assessment highlighting certain priorities, as well as new programming options which have been well received by beneficiaries and government partners alike, such as owner-driven housing schemes in Sri Lanka. The International Federation and its members can point to a number of important achievements across a range of programmes. People are being sheltered, their health is protected through the provision of clean water and sanitation facilities, and the disaster management capacities of local National Societies and exposed communities are being reinforced. Governments recognize the Red Cross Red Crescent as one of its most significant partners. This allows for a potential advocacy role that should be more actively utilized in the continued recovery programme. Eighteen months after the tsunami, tsunami-affected communities and their governments should continue to expect from us the most targeted and cost-effective use of our resources.

Priority countries

The priorities presented here imply a clear and strategic focus on communities directly affected by the tsunami,1 in Indonesia, Sri Lanka and the Maldives - plus some support in Thailand. Included in this revised plan are also such functions in the Geneva-based office of the International Federation Secretariat and regional delegations in Bangkok and New Delhi, as well as support from the Asia Pacific Service Centre in Kuala Lumpur that provide leadership, oversight and direct technical support to recovery programmes. Also included is the Indian Ocean Tsunami Early Warning initiative to improve National Societies' capacities to support the implementation of early warning systems in countries around the Indian Ocean, conducted in partnership with other agencies. Revised plans for the less affected countries are presented in part two of the Operations Update [click here for Operations Update no. 61 part 2].