Tajikistan + 1 more

WFP Tajikistan Country Brief, March 2016

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published

Attachments

Highlights

  • In March, WFP assisted 375,445 people with food distributions which included wheat flour, oil, pluses and salt.

  • The nutrition feeding programme was suspended in March due to shortages in Super Cereal Plus reserves. Approximately 1,000 people will not be reached due to a commodity pipeline break (to be resumed mid-July contingent on resources).

  • Support for Tuberculosis (TB) patients has been put on hold due to funding shortfalls.

  • Activities will be consolidated under the new Country Programme, which comes into effect in April 2016.

WFP Assistance

WFP’s school feeding programme complements government-owned social safety nets by providing daily school meals to over 370,000 school students in more than 2,000 schools (over 60 percent of the total schools) in rural areas. Since October 2015, WFP has supported activities to build the government’s capacity; specifically, the financing and managing of the nationally-owned school feeding programme which aims to assist vulnerable food insecure communities in rural areas. This is achieved through WFP trainings to government officials, policy advice and technical support in developing relevant legislations, along with developing and piloting various cost effective models for providing school meals, such as school based fundraising activities and mechanisms to promote local production.

WFP launched this Protracted Relief and Recovery Operation (PRRO) to improve food access for food insecure people affected by natural disasters, high food prices and the global financial crisis. This is done through relief assistance, and recovery activities that focus on restoring and improving sustainable livelihoods. Food assistance for assets (FFA) projects improved livelihoods of communities by rehabilitating irrigation facilities that provided improved production for household consumption and for cash crops. Construction of bridges provided improved access to pastures, orchards, health services, markets and schools. By the end of 2015, FFA projects resulted in 33,500 m3 of check dams to protect arable land, the rehabilitation of 530 classrooms, reparation and constructions of 29 bridges and 265 water supply systems. Over 270,000 seedlings were also planted. A Food Security Monitoring System (FSMS) has been established which provides a seasonal trend of food insecurity in rural Tajikistan by analysing data from 1,300 rural households across 13 livelihood zones.
Treatment of moderate acute malnutrition is done through a nutritional support - Targeted Supplementary Feeding Programme.

WFP’s TB project has been providing life-saving food assistance to TB patients and their family members since 2003. It initially started providing assistance to 1,000 TB patients in partnership with the NGO Project Hope. In 2014, Tajikistan reported to have the sixth highest rate of TB in Europe and Central Asia, with 12,000 infected persons according to the National TB Centre (NTBC) at the Ministry of Health. In 2015, WFP provided assistance to 13,310 male and 12,095 female individuals. The NTBC took over from WFP assistance to in-patients in January 2015 and will provide financial assistance to out-patients and their families by 2021.

WFP finalised a study on the impact of food assistance on treatment adherence in March. The study found that food assistance to TB patients not only improves outpatient treatment, but also reduces side effects of TB drugs, improves nutritional status and potentially contributes to TB resistance.