Tajikistan: Strong Earthquake (MDRTJ014) DREF Final report

Summary: CHF 138,467 was allocated from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the Red Crescent Society of Tajikistan in delivering immediate assistance to some 558 households (3,348 beneficiaries), and to replenish already distributed items.

A 5.7 Richter scale earthquake hit Rasht valley in the east of Tajikistan early morning at 4:30 AM on 13 May 2012. According to the Committee of Emergency Situations and Civil Defence of Tajikistan (CoES), the earthquake killed two, and affected 1,591 residents of 30 villages in Nurobod, Rasht and Tavildara districts.

According to the final report of disaster assessment 103 houses and 3 schools were destroyed or severely damaged (became unsafe for residence) and 117 houses, 7 schools, 3 hospitals and medical points were partially damaged, thus making the total number of the affected households reach 220. Some 196 worst affected households were covered by the non-food humanitarian aid of the Red Crescent Society of Tajikistan (RCST). Psychosocial support was provided to the total of 362 households (2,172 people), covering not only those whose houses were destroyed, but also those, who suffered from the earthquake and the aftershocks’ psychological effects even without having lost their property. Due to this scale of psychological support provided, this operation is so far the biggest ever operation of this kind implemented in the country. The RCST was the only organization, which provided this type of support to the affected population during this operation.

Immediately after the earthquake the Red Crescent Society of Tajikistan mobilized its resources to respond to the disasters through deploying its National Disaster Response teams (NDRT) and Local Disaster Committee (LDC) members. RCST staff and volunteers actively participated in the joint assessments conducted together with the related governmental structures, rendered first aid, provided humanitarian assistance to the most affected and vulnerable families, and disseminated disaster awareness informational materials.

A workshop on lessons learnt from this DREF operation was conducted by RCST on 19-20 July 2012 for the regional and national representatives of the National Society having participated in the operation’s implementation. An evaluation of this operation conducted by a team of evaluators from IFRC Europe Zone and the Netherlands Red Cross revealed that without DREF support to the affected people from the earthquake, this disaster would not have received adequate response.

The Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Department of the European Commission (ECHO) contributed CHF 96,927 to the DREF in replenishment of the allocation made for this operation, covering 70% of the total amount of the operation`s costs. After completion of funds transfers, a final balance of CHF 1 remained, which will be returned to the DREF funds.

The major donors and partners of the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC) Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) include the Australian, American and Belgian Governments, the Austrian Red Cross, the Canadian Red Cross and the Canadian Government, the Danish Red Cross and the Danish Government, the European Commission Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection (ECHO), the Irish and the Italian Governments, the Japanese Red Cross Society, the Luxembourg Government, the Monaco Red Cross and the Monaco Government, the Netherlands Red Cross and the Netherlands Government, the Norwegian Red Cross and the Norwegian Government, the Spanish Government, the Swedish Red Cross and the Swedish Government, the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID), the Medtronic and Z Zurich Foundations, and other corporate and private donors. Details of all donors can be found at


On behalf of the Red Crescent Society of Tajikistan, the IFRC would like to extend their thanks to all of them for their generous contributions.