Wheat is the most widely consumed cereal and provides the majority of calories to households in Tajikistan while cooking oil provides the second most calories. Potatoes and rice are leading alternative staples. Dushanbe is the capital city which supplies the urban population and is the primary market for importers and for distribution to the entire country. Khujand is a major city in the north of the country with strong trade connections with other parts of the Fergana Valley in Uzbekistan. Kurgan-Tyube is a major market the south of the country and is a key market for domestically produced wheat from the south. Gharm supplies the chronically food-insecure Rasht Valley in the east and serves as a major assembly market for potatoes. Khorog is the largest city and market in the chronically food-insecure, remote, and sparsely populated Gorno-Badakshan Autonomous Oblast (GBAO).