OCHA Situation Report No. 3
Tajikistan - Floods
12 June, 2003
This situation report is based on information provided by the OCHA Office in Tajikistan as well as media sources.
1. A detailed assessment was conducted in Sughd Oblast by IFRC/NRCST (National Red Crescent Society in Tajikistan), WFP and OCHA in cooperation with the Ministry of Emergency Situations (MES) following devastating torrential rains and floods.
2. Cleanup efforts are evident all around Penjekent town which suffered the most from the floods. The community, army and various Government departments have all been mobilized to join relief efforts. The most seriously affected areas are Vashani in the centre of town, Shurcha village 5km south of the town centre where 3 family members died, and Kuktosh south-east of the town centre. Other significantly affected villages close to the town include Kushteppa, Sudjina, Suffion, Mogion, Zebon and Sugdion.
National and International Response
3. The Government has requested international assistance for the affected population.
4. The Aid Coordination Unit at the President's Office has been charged to coordinate relief activities from Dushanbe. The site has been visited by the Minister of Emergencies, who remained in Penjekent during the first days of the disaster.
5. Representatives from WFP, IFRC/NRCST, UNICEF, FAO, OCHA, MES (Ministry of Emergency Situations), SES (Sanitary Epidemiological Service) and the local authorities have been working closely together to monitor and respond to the emergency needs of the population. A number of other agencies have pledged support in reconstruction efforts, particularly in the water and sanitation sector. UNDP and UNHCR have provided logistical support to relief operations.
Review by Sector
6. The flooding damaged much of the water pipe distribution network in the town centre and surrounding villages. In a number of villages the damage is considered irreparable, and new solutions are being proposed for the medium term, including capping springs in the locality. For now, emergency supplies of drinking water are being delivered by 2 trucks provided by Hukumat (local authorities), and fuelled by IFRC/NRCST, to 8 locations around the town.
7. There are currently no facilities for holding significant amounts of water in these locations. SES and The Ministry of Health are chlorinating water in the trucks with supplies from UNICEF and IFRC/NRCST. The Regional Hukumat also provided 2MT of chlorine, of which only 250 kg remain.
- Water storage tanks and tap stands (one
with large >10,000 litre capacity);
- Small motor pumps may be required to
move the water from the trucks to the tanks;
- Water purification tablets.
8. There has not been a significant registered change in the epidemiological situation in the region, though the risk of an outbreak of infectious waterborne diseases remains high. The local branch of the Ministry of Health has established 5 additional medical points in the villages most affected by the flooding, and the IFRC/NRCST have provided emergency medical supplies. Health education is being conducted by local MoH staff with support from NRCST, and has focused on hygiene promotion, particularly relating to drinking water. SES is monitoring the level of contamination of the drinking water being provided to the most affected areas, though capacity in this regard remains low.
- Additional supplies of chlorine for
use as a disinfectant are required to clean areas around damaged sanitation
- Supplies of health education materials.
9. This sector has been particularly badly hit, though statistics on exactly how much land has been lost and to what extent remain vague. Officially 1,386 hectares of land have been damaged. In some areas all topsoil has been washed away and clearly re-planting will not be possible for the foreseeable future. In others areas there has been crop damage, but land remains useable. The major issue that affects all of the agricultural lands in the area has been the level of damage to the irrigation system. Large sections of concrete channel and pipes have been completely washed away, and a number of bore holes have been blocked with mud and silt. FAO will provide emergency stocks of vegetable seeds and fertilizers.
- Material support for the rapid repair
of the irrigation system;
- Seeds and fertilizers.
10. Through a combination of donations by the Ministry of Emergency Situations and WFP, the emergency food needs of the 2,000 most affected people have been addressed for the coming 2 months. WFP is currently considering a number of food for work projects relating to the reconstruction efforts.
11. The final figures for Penjekent and surrounding area show that 357 families (total population 2,047) have experienced partial or total damage to their homes. 156 houses have been completely destroyed and 195 have serious damage. Tents have been offered to a number of affected families by the IFRC/NRCST, some families have chosen to stay with relatives, and others (96 people) were offered rooms in the local hotel by the Hukhumat. MES and IFRC/NRCST have distributed sufficient supplies of blankets to cover immediate needs. IFRC/NRCST have also supplied clothes. Blankets and bedding have been provided jointly by WFP/IFRC/NRCST and UNICEF. In addition UNICEF has provided hygiene kits, soap and kitchen equipment.
- Further clothing is required, especially for the affected children;
13. This situation report, together with further information on ongoing emergencies, is also available on the OCHA Internet Website at http://www.reliefweb.int
Telephone: +41-22-917 12 34
Fax: +41-22-917 00 23
In case of emergency only: Tel. +41-22-917 20 10
Mr. Anvar Munavvarov/Ms. Merete Johansson
Direct Tel. +41-22-917-1669/917-1694
(GVA) - Ms. Elizabeth Byrs, direct Tel. +41-22-917 26 53
(N.Y.) - Ms. Stephanie Bunker, direct Tel. +1-212-963 87 40
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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