Tajikistan: Civil unrest DREF operation final report (MDRTJ015)

Summary: CHF 185,162 was allocated on 7 August 2012 from the IFRC’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to support the Red Crescent Society of Tajikistan (RCST) in delivering immediate assistance to some 9,720 beneficiaries (1,620 families) and rendering psychosocial support for some 7,000 people.

At least 78 people were killed during armed clashes between governmental forces and military groups in Khorugh City, the administrative centre of Badakhshan Province in the east of Tajikistan. A special military operation of Tajik governmental forces on 24 July 2012 against armed groups in Khorugh City left 30 civilians, 18 soldiers and 30 militants dead, injured dozens and compelled almost half of the city`s population to leave their houses and make for safe places far away from the violence. The next day, on 25 July 2012, the sides announced ceasefire and started negotiations, which ended up with turning over the weapons by the armed groups.

The civilians were seriously affected by the clashes: in addition to the high number of killed and injured civilians, almost 50% of the 28,000 residents of the city had to flee the area of fights, leaving their houses and properties back home and seeking shelter in nearby districts. A lot of houses and public buildings were seriously damaged. The population started returning to their homes in periods from one week up to one month after the clashes. In the first days, the Red Crescent Society of Tajikistan (RCST) was the only organization authorized officially by the government to provide humanitarian assistance to the affected population. The RCST was active since the beginning of the operation rendering first aid, distributing mattresses, blankets, cooking sets and hygiene kits.

According to the assessment conducted by RCST in Roshtqala and Shughnon Districts and Khorugh City, some 51,960 people (10,392 families) were economically and psychologically affected by the fights. Under this DREF operation, basic supplementary food parcels and hygiene kits were provided to 1,620 most affected families (9,720 people). In addition, some 7,000 people, especially elderly people, women and children, received psychosocial support by RCST`s trained specialists.

CHF185,162 was allocated for the implementation of the project activities. Utilisation rate is 100%. There is no balance left.