Tajikistan

Assistance to Tajikistan OCHA Situation Update No. 19

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published
GENERAL
The Secretary General has informed in a letter to the President of the Security Council issued in New York UN HQ that he intends to continue the activities of the UN Tajikistan Office of Peace Building (UNTOP) for an additional year, till 1 June 2003. The UN SG Kofi Annan recognized the positive and catalytic role played by his Representative, Mr. Ivo Petrov, and the Office in consolidating peace and national reconciliation, promoting the rule of law, strengthening democratic institutions and supporting national capacity building in human rights. He also mentioned that in order to support future peace-building efforts, UNTOP will continue to coordinate with local partners human rights action programmes aimed at improving public education and building a national capacity in human rights treaty reporting. The Office is also planning to implement several technical assistance projects to train the local police to strengthen the rule of law and ultimately positively affect the human rights situation in the country.

A number of high level visits took place during the reporting period. Mr. John Odling-Smee, Director of the IMF European II, arrived to Dushanbe to discuss the expansion of cooperation between the Government of Tajikistan and IMF in the sphere of economic reforms and the process of realization of financial and economic policy of GOT implemented under supervision of IMF experts. Iranian President Said Muhammad Khatami also visited the country on 30 April and met with the President of Tajikistan. During his stay discussions took place over possible cooperation in the field of economy, trade, civil aviation and telecommunications.

NEW DEVELOPMENTS

Heavy rains and hail storms continue to affect the country swelling rivers, battering agricultural land and causing landslides. Many parts in northern, central and southern Tajikistan have been subject to incessant rains with many districts (Aini, Penjikent in the north; Vose, Sovietsky and Gozimalik in the south, and Hissar, Varzob and Rasht in the central part) taking the brunt of the worsening weather conditions.

In light of the damage caused since the start of the rain season in March, the Government of Tajikistan has issued an appeal to International Organisations and Friendly Countries on 7 May 2002 requesting financial assistance to overcome the consequences of the recent succession of natural disasters. The appeal, although not going into any specific details on locations and entity of damage, estimates the damages caused by the weather in March and April 2002 at 75 million TJS (over 28 million USD) and request support to cover the costs. The Appeal has been discussed among UN agencies and organizations as well as with partners among the international humanitarian community; diplomatic representations based in Dushanbe also took note of the request. Meanwhile, at the local level, communities have started mobilising to clear up roads and open up communication lines with areas affected. WFP, IFRC and the National Red Crescent Society branches have been assisting victims with non food items and are in the process of developing proposals for rehabilitation works based around Food-for-Work projects. As the rainy period is not over, more emergencies are expected, and staff from the Ministry of Emergency Situations has been deployed to areas at threat to monitor water levels especially in areas where river banks have been assessed to be particularly weak.

Unlike the more recent weather patterns, favourable weather conditions in the early part of the year have led to the growth and multiplication of a number of pests. On 29 April, the Minister of Agriculture, informed FAO of an infestation of locusts in both Khatlon (south) and Sughd (north) regions, which , if unchecked, could damage extensively crops in the area. Although a recurring problem, consecutive drought seasons and lack of resources in recent years which have impeded preventative measures have resulted in the development of the current emergency. It is estimated that about 62,000 hectares are infested and at least 40,000 ha should be treated: most of the locusts are found on pastureland, wheat and cotton fields. Experts anticipate the last stage of development of the locusts (ability to fly and form swarms) will take place in early June and slightly later in the areas in the northern part of the country. If the threat is not controlled by then, the risk is that swarms of locusts might devastate large areas of agricultural land and cause serious damage to existing wheat and emerging cotton crops.

in some rural areas have already taken initiative and have begun to collect the locusts mechanically and/or manually. In partnership with the Ministry of Agriculture, FAO is attempting to mobilize the required resources within the international community present in Tajikistan: at least 30,000 USD are needed for the procurement of chemicals, which are available in neighbouring Uzbekistan, a figure destined to grow if action is taken only after locusts develop the ability to fly.

ONGOING ACTIVITIES

The WFP pre-crop assessment conducted jointly with FAO is ongoing with the collection of data and information completed in Khatlon region. A team composed of WFP Hydrologist and Agronomist is working in Sughd now and data collection is also taking place in GBAO. Since the start of May a team has begun visiting all districts in DDR region of Tajikistan. A joint FAO/WFP Crop and Food supply assessment mission is expected to take place in mid June and to determine the food needs of the most vulnerable groups in the country.

WFP reports that the sudden decrease in temperature in some areas of GBAO and which in Khorog have been recorded to reach freezing point has damaged winter crops in parts of region. The agricultural department of Wanj and Rushan forecasts winter cereal output to have fared badly as a consequence of heavy snowfall and late melting.

The last round of "take home" ration distribution to the children under School Feeding Programme took place in the Rasht valley. Over 91 MT of food incentive has been provided to 51,609 school children in Rasht, Tojikobod and Darband districts to promote attendance, with special focus on girls' education. Attendance of both boys and girls is reported to have improved as a result of the programme although the lack of school materials and qualified teachers is affecting learning attainments of children.

The WHO/National Pharmaceutical Taskforce developed the list of drugs for family physician kit and continued elaborating the introduction of Formulary system in Central Rayon Hospital of Leninski rayon as well as drug cost-recovery system in pilot regions. The WHO/Somoni team conducted a workshop for 25 teachers of medical colleges, schools and Republican Nursing Centre on "Implementation of curriculum and modules for family nurses' basic training" with the support of international WHO nursing consultant and Caledonian University, Glasgow, Scotland.

Within the framework of Reproductive Health project "Strengthening of the Ministry of Health and National Reproductive Health Centre Management Capacity and Developing of RH Management Information System" the work-schedules of the joint monitoring (WHO/MOH/UNRRDP) of primary reporting form implementation and renovation needs assessment or the reproductive health centres in the pilot rayons (Moscovski, Dangarinski, Isfarinski and Kanibadamski rayon) were prepared. Also the programme for the following workshops for 30 physicians from border areas with Afghanistan in WHO training centre (Kurgan-Tyube) on epidemiology, diagnostics, clinic, treatment and prophylaxis of TB and malaria was elaborated and approved by WHO/EURO.

The second phase of the UNICEF-sponsored "Child Friendly School Project" project has been launched. The first phase of the project preparatory works has been carried out at 25 pilot schools of Khatlon and Sughd Regions, Dushanbe and Districts of Direct Rule (DRD). In the course of educational workshops 40 skilled trainers have been trained to continue work at schools. A centre with a subject-matter library has been established and various training and education modules have been worked out and approved. During the second phase they have to complete the work on covering the whole complex of problems in order to provide all necessary conditions at schools. Thus, in Dushanbe such works have been already carried out at 5 schools. During the second phase they plan to carry out 8 workshops

The Ministry of Education supported by UNICEF conducted a round table discussion meeting on the theme "Education for All in Tajikistan" in Dushanbe on April 24. More than 65 representatives from the Parliament, Ministry for Education, Ministry for Labour and Social Protection, Ministry for Culture, Ministry for Health, UNESCO, World Bank and other international organisations, NGOs and Mass Media took part in this exercise. Participants discussed issues ranging from early school leaving, curriculum development to teacher training and rehabilitation of school infrastructure in Tajikistan.

Within UNFPA "Strengthening Adolescent's Reproductive Health" grants have been allocated to support eight NGO project proposals for a total of 8,000 USD. Under the same project a Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) survey will be conducted to assess the reproductive health (RH) status, knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of adolescents between the ages 15-19 years, related to sexual and reproductive health, as well as attitude of parents and community leaders towards adolescents RH problems.

Within UNFPA "Reproductive Health of Internally Displaced Persons" project contraceptives in the amount of USD 32,000 were handed over to the NGO Action Against Hunger. The NGO, which is implementing the programme, will distribute the contraceptives to the population in Khatlon region through primary health care institutions.

CONTRIBUTIONS

The European Commission has adopted a €10 million Global Plan of aid for the victims of the worst drought Tajikistan has experienced for 75 years. Over the next twelve months, the funds allocated via the European Commission Humanitarian Aid Office (ECHO) will serve to provide basic food aid for some 55 000 people, including 15 000 children suffering from acute or severe malnutrition. Food security projects will also be set up to assist 27 000 vulnerable households in rural areas. Some 250 000 people will gain better access to drinking water. With the aim of reducing the mortality rate caused by epidemics of infectious disease, the entire population of 6.3 million will have improved access to primary health care. The Commission has granted Tajikistan over €125 million in humanitarian aid since 1993.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture announced revised fiscal year 2002 allocations of $151.4 million for programs funded under Public Law 480, Title I, and Title I-funded Food for Progress programs. The allocations for Title I-funded Food for Progress programs total $37.1 million to four countries, including $21.3 million for Tajikistan.

Update on CAP 2002 (as of 15 May 2002)

Appealing Org.
Original Requirements
Revised Requirements
Contributions
Pledges
Carry Over
Total resources available
Unmet Requirements
% Covered
FAO
3,951,075
3,951,075
3,951,075
0.00%
IOM
591,252
591,252
591,252
0.00%
MCI
144,615
144,615
144,615
0.00%
OCHA
436,033
436,033
312,617
312,617
123,416
71.70%
SCF
924,727
924,727
924,727
0.00%
UNDP
6,811,443
6,811,443
6,811,433
0.00%
UNFPA
754,500
754,500
754,500
0.00%
UNICEF
2,090,000
2,090,000
581,428
581,428
1,508,572
27.82%
UNIFEM
542,438
542,438
542,438
0.00%
WFP
58,997,972
58,997,972
4,790,477
37,097,972
41,888,449
17,109,523
71.00%
WHO
1,312,630
1,312,630
1,312,630
0.00%
Total
76,556,685
76,556,685
5,684,522
37,097,972
42,702,494
33,774,191
55.88%
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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