Syria

Whole of Syria 2018 Protection Needs Overview v2

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Protection Sector, October 2017 (V2 as of 30 November 2017)

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

1. OBJECTIVE

The Protection Needs Overview (PNO) provides a detailed analysis of protection needs and issues in communities inside the Syrian Arab Republic (Syria). Its aim is to support the Sector/Cluster and its humanitarian actors in the development of their operational response strategies, plans and projects in the field of protection. It is based on a series of assessments and data (as detailed below) focusing on a number of key protection issues identified in Syria.

While the collected data presents a reliable picture of the needs and perceptions of those surveyed, it is important that the limitations and constraints of these assessments are fully understood before applying their findings to programming or generating statistical extrapolation. Humanitarian actors are therefore reminded of the utmost importance of reviewing this chapter in full before moving onto the findings presented in chapter 2.

2. METHODOLOGY OF ASSESSMENTS

Three separate assessments, guided by a common set of indicators and tools, were conducted from July-August 2017 and serve as a basis of this PNO. Below is the list of the assessments, further details on methodology and tools of each can be found in the ANNEX-1.

a. SECTOR/CLUSTER-LED ASSESSMENTS (QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE)

  • Assessments conducted by staff from organizations implementing protection activities in the Syria hub, including through community direct observations by the staff themselves and key informant interviews where the protection staff acted as assessor/ enumerator: Syria Hub Protection Needs Assessments (SHPNA);

  • Focus group discussions conducted by organizations implementing protection activities in Jordan and Turkey hubs (FGDs)

b. NON SECTOR/CLUSTER-LED ASSESSMENTS (QUANTITATIVE)

  • A multi-sectoral needs assessment was led by OCHA through key informants (MSNA). A protection questionnaire developed by the Protection sector was included as part of the MSNA tool (see ANNEX 1).

3. GEOGRAPHIC COVERAGE

Data included in this analysis was collected in 4,185 communities (including 32 urban neighbourhoods) located in 254 sub-districts out of 272 sub-districts across the country. The map below shows the respective coverage of both SHPNA (Syria-hub led) and MSNA (OCHA-led) assessments.