General developments & political & security situation
The security situation across the country remains volatile and unstable, while the main hot spots remain As‐Sweida, Ar‐ Raqqa, Hama, Aleppo and Idlib governorates.
On 9 October, a Presidential decree was issued granting general amnesty for military deserters inside and outside country.
In northwest Syria, the security situation in the northern area remains volatile and unpredictable. On 10 October, media reported that both Russia and Turkey had announced the completion of the first phase of demilitarisation agreement. Recent clashes over the last weekend in Kafr Nouran village reportedly left several civilians killed and injured. The hostilities reportedly resulted in some people being displaced to Atareb town. The donor requested pause on UN deliveries through Bab Al Hawa was lifted.
In the northeast of Syria, an escalation in airstrikes and ground‐based hostilities continue to impact civilians as part of the anti‐ISIL operations in Deir‐Ez‐Zor. Over 10‐11 October 2018 in Rural East Deir Ez‐Zor there was an increase in ISIL counter attacks against SDF in the surrounding of Hajin pockets. Reports that SDF has captured parts of Al‐Susah, according to activist, with ISIS attempting to take advantage of a sandstorm to retake the positions that SDF has taken from ISIS. In Raqqa city, the UN learnt about the discovery of a mass grave of around 1,000 bodies. The bodies are believed to be mainly civilians who were trapped in the city during the anti‐ISIL operations.
In Rukban camp, clashes erupted between civilians and Ahrar Al‐Ashayer (NSAGs). The UN remains very concerned about the situation for up to 50,000 people stranded at the Rukban camp in south‐east Syria near the Jordanian border. Only minimal humanitarian assistance has been delivered to the camp since January when UN aid was delivered by crane from Jordan.