Syrian Arab Republic: Whole of Syria Protection Sector - 2015 Protection needs overview



In August 2015, the humanitarian community operating in Syria conducted a countrywide ‘Whole of Syria’ assessment survey to determine issues and needs facing the population within Syria. The following document provides the data gathered during this exercise.

The Whole of Syria Protection Sector, including Child Protection, Gender Based Violence (GBV) and Mine Action, is pleased to share this with the wider humanitarian community to inform protection-oriented interventions across Syria.

While the Whole of Syria Assessment informed the outcomes of this document, where possible and appropriate complimentary data sets are incorporated, including the Governorate Profile. This data gathering exercise which occurred in parallel with the Whole of Syria Assessment. Data gathered through the Governorate Profile has been incorporated at the national level overview alone (see methodology below). All subdistrict and Governorate level information presentation is provided by the Whole of Syria Assessment. This document provides the overall tabulation of issues related to people’s concerns on protection risks, coping strategies, gender based violence, freedom of movement and barriers to accessing services. A brief narrative summary of the national and Governorate level data accompanies tabulations on issues. 1 A matrix of issues has been created at the national level and also for each sub-district surveyed.

The information provided does not capture the on-going developments or offer in depth analysis of the data provided. While recognising that violence remains the most significant threat to the safety and security of populations living in Syria, day-to-day community level issues also significantly impact on the protective capacity of households and individuals. The omission of any issue in the overall data presentation or at individual sub-district does not suggest that the Protection Sector, or even the key informants involved, do not value this issue. It reflects in part the framing of the questionnaires as well as the most immediate concern of those involved at the time of question. This information is intended to support programming, assist in advocacy and provide vital food for thought on the protection context of people living within Syria. The Protection Sector strongly encourages humanitarian partners to reflect on issues in their area of programme.

The Whole of Syria Assessment questions (see Annex 1) focused on people’s perceptions of their own protection risks, displaying the complex of issues that people affected by conflict perceive around them. For humanitarian programming, people’s perception of risk can be as important as reality. For example, fear that women may face violence outside the home has resulted in young girls and women in many parts of Syria being increasingly restricted to their homes. This in turn impacts on their ability to access employment, education and freedom of movement. For humanitarians designing interventions, the question is how do we better target and ensure assistance to women and girls who may be increasingly entrapped within their homes to avoid risks? Similarly, how do we target programming to reduce child labour and recruitment where these are driven by livelihood and employment shocks?

This document marks a positive shift in information sharing and analysis. Throughout 2016, the Protection Sector, along with our partner organisations, is committed to build on commonly available analysis, strengthening our collective understanding of the protection context within Syria.
The Protection Sector expresses our gratitude to all of those who have made this document possible. In addition to partner organisations, lead agencies and OCHA who provided dedicated support to this exercise, the role of the Joint IDP Profiling Service (JIPs) has been indispensable.