Ten years of conflict, insecurity and displacements in the Syrian Arab Republic have resulted in a continuing deterioration of the humanitarian situation. Sixty percent of the Syrian population are food insecure and 26 percent of children under the age of five are chronically malnourished and suffer from stunting. In 2020, there were 4.9 million people in need of humanitarian assistance, including 2.2 million internally displaced persons (IDPs) in northwest Syrian Arab Republic. Many of these IDPs moved with their livestock. In early 2021, a livestock census, conducted by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), reported that 42 percent of sheep herders, 36 percent of poultry keepers and 16 percent of cattle breeders in northwest Syrian Arab Republic were IDPs. Compared to 2019, ruminant livestock numbers in northwest Syrian Arab Republic have almost doubled. Since 2011, there has been an erosion of professional artificial insemination and fertility treatment services for milk producing ruminant livestock in northwest Syrian Arab Republic. As a result, services are absent and dairy animal productivity is in progressive decline.