Syria

Syrian Arab Republic: Cross-Border Humanitarian Reach and Activities from Turkey (November 2021)

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CONTEXT

Daily shelling incidents continued across north-west Syria. There was a reduction in airstrikes compared to October. Some incidents occurred in the vicinity of civilian areas and displacement settlements. An NGO office in Afrin was affected. Some incidents resulted in civilian casualties.
Some 14,500 displacements were tracked in November, 59 per cent of which have been displaced at least four times. The top reasons cited for displacement were access to livelihood opportunities, the availability of humanitarian assistance, deterioration of security and access to basic services. Crossborder assistance continued without impediment during the month, with 880 trucks carrying UN assistance transshipped into the north-west.
COVID-19 cases, hospital admissions and occupancy rates of in intensive care units and community-based treatment centres significantly decreased in November, with 3,806 new cases confirmed during the month compared to 14,969 in October. Despite vaccination efforts, less than 5 per cent of the population has been vaccinated by the end of the month.
A significant devaluation of the Turkish Lira (TRY), which is a commonly used currency in the north-west, has worsened the already dire economic situation, leading to significant increases in prices of goods, such as fuel and clothes which are essential items for protection from the cold during winter. In private bakeries, the 2,5 TRY that bought 700 grams of bread in September bought only 450 grams in November. In this month alone, the price of vegetable oil increased by 34 per cent and transport diesel became 24 per cent more expensive. For heating, people in need are resorting to burning unsuitable materials, such as plastic bags, which produce toxic fumes affecting the health of households. Due to inadequate and late funding, a lot of the implementation of winter support programmes will be late and insufficient, leaving people in need without adequate support.

SECTOR ACTIVITIES

People reached numbers reported are for Nov-2021 only.

Education Cluster: Education cluster provided school aged children with textbooks, regular self-learning materials and digital learning materials, provision/rehabilitation of water and sanitation facilities in TLS/ schools, Rehabilitation of learning centers, incentives/allowances for teaching staff, non-formal education (NFE), professional development to teaching staff (active learning, self-learning, life skills), life skills based trainings, basic education materials, psychosocial support and recreational activities, provision of fuel for heating in learning centers and teaching kits, early childhood education (ECE) and awareness raising campaigns.

Early Recovery Cluster: Since the beginning of the year (January 2021), 63 Early Recovery partners reached 948,944 direct beneficiaries in 57 subdistricts and 241 communities. In particular, 202,735 benefitted from rehabilitation of access to basic utilities (electricity, gas, water, sewage), 192,386 benefitted from the rehabilitation of health facilities, and 182,945 directly benefitted from the short-term work opportunities created.

FSL Cluster: In November 2021, a total of 1,718,523 beneficiaries were reached with food baskets (through in kind, cash or voucher); 99,944 beneficiaries reached with emergency food rations (RTEs [ready to eat rations], cooked meals and one-off food basket); 758,832 beneficiaries reached with mixed food items, 2,193,885 beneficiaries reached with bread/flour distribution.

Shelter Cluster: Shelter cluster provided rental assistance, construction materials/tools, emergency shelter kits (e.g. tents) and emergency shelter; also rehabilitation of private housing and collective centers. Moreover, shelter cluster provided information/counselling on housing, land & property rights.

NFI Cluster: NFI cluster provided NFI kits (in-kind, cash, voucher) and training of stakeholders on resilience oriented NFI skills and capacities.

WASH Cluster: WASH cluster reached beneficiaries with water provision via existing networks, water trucking and private boreholes, household water treatments, maintenance/ cleanings of communal sewage, construction or rehabilitation of communal latrines and household, Solid waste management, hygiene kits distribution, hygiene promotion and vector control. Assitance was provided at the community, camp, collective center and school levels.

Nutrition Cluster: In Nov 2021, 33 Nutrition Cluster partners provided life-saving nutrition services covering 295 communities in 35 sub-districts. The delivery platforms were both static sites and 176 Rapid Response Teams (RRTs). Those reached included: treatment of 913 cases of severe acute malnutrition (SAM), 1,724 cases of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) among children 6-59 months, and 2,312 cases of acutely malnourished pregnant and lactating women (PLW); 44,780 children 6-35 months received lipid-based nutrient supplement (LNS) for prevention of chronic and acute malnutrition; 52,467 mothers and caregivers were reached with messages and counselling on appropriate infant and young child feeding in emergencies (IYCF-E).

Protection Cluster: Protection cluster provided awareness raising through campaigns and contact initiatives, case management, child protection and psychosocial support, including parenting programmes, develop community level referral pathways, legal assistance, material/cash assistance, outreach activities, psychosocial support, recreation and early childhood development kits, risk education, specialised child protection services, training of front line responders and humanitarian actors, women and girls accessing safe spaces and other socio-economic support.

GBV Sub-Cluster: The GBV SC initiated celebrating the annual campaign: 16 Days of Activism against GBV by developing a guidance note after consulting the sub-cluster members over the year's theme. The theme chosen is: "Let's Team up in Engaging and Empowering Women and Girls!". The members active in NW Syria were invited to participate using the above theme and share their reports.

The GBV SC conducted an Online Learning session on the inclusion of older women on November 24, which targeted 60 participants based in Turkey and Northwest Syria of different GBV Sub-Cluster members. The GBV SC conducted Advanced Case Management training in Idlib, Syria, from November 14 to 18, which targeted 19 frontline GBV Workers of different GBV Sub-Cluster case management service providers. The GBV Sub Cluster conducted GBV Awareness-Raising Toolkit training in Gaziantep from November 15 to 17, which targeted 19 participants of different GBV Sub-Cluster partners that are using the GBV Awareness-Raising Toolkit that the GBV Sub Cluster developed in their GBV activities in NW Syria.

CP Sub-Cluster: This reporting period has been characterized by persistence of child protection concerns in North West, aggravated by COVID19 pandemic and its global crisis. Despite limitations in an increasingly restrictive operational environment, child protection partners delivered, while incorporating where possible COVID prevention messages and messages on childcare in times of isolation and unpredictability. Therefore, partners have continued providing child protection case management services, parenting programmes, PSS group activities and child protection recreational activities, in addition to child protection- related training, through online platforms.

CCCM Cluster: CCCM monitored the provision of lifesaving multi-sectoral response for 1.4 million IDPs in November 2021. This month, approximately 79 thousand IDPs were reached with CCCM activities, ranging from camp management and capacity building activities to community mobilization, site assessment and risk mitigation, site management support, as well as fire awareness, prevention and response.

Health Cluster: Health cluster reached 971,274 outpatient consultations; 20,174 people with referrals; supported 14,132 people with physical rehabilitation and supported 10,418 people with mental health consultations in November 2021.

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