The civil uprising in Syria started with public demonstrations on 26 January 2011. Following mass protests in Daraa two months later, the situation quickly developed into a nationwide uprising. Since then, there have been clashes between government and opposition forces in several cities including the indiscriminate shelling of urban residential areas by government forces.
According to the UN, more than 7500 people, primarily protesters, have been killed and many more injured since the beginning of the uprising.
The lack of security in the affected areas makes it difficult for the population to access supplies and services to meet their basic needs. Humanitarian space and secure access for needs assessment and medical support is limited.