This report is produced by OCHA Syria in collaboration with humanitarian partners. It covers the period from [1 to 21 September 2021].
Following the 9 September ceasefire agreement, the security situation in Dar’a Al-Balad has reportedly stabilized.
Since civilian movement to and from the area has opened, approximately 77 per cent of the 36,000 people displaced have returned to their homes, including all IDPs residing in shelters.
Around 10 per cent of IDPs living in host communities have reported severe damage to their homes as a major barrier to return. Explosive hazard contamination has also reportedly hampered some returns.
Schools in Dar’a which were utilized as collective shelters reopened for students for the new academic year on 12 September following COVID- 19 measures and some maintenance.
In Dar’a Al-Balad, restoration of public services such as water and electricity is ongoing.
Some humanitarian partners have resumed regular programming in Dar’a Al-Balad. Some assessments have occurred; sector assessments are planned for Dar’a Al-Balad to identify priority needs and map reportedly extensive damage to public infrastructure and homes.
As of 21 September, approximately 28,000 of the 36,000 people displaced from Dar’a Al-Balad and other areas have returned to their places of origin. This includes the estimated 1,400 IDPs in shelters in Dar’a Al- Mahatta and 2,000 residents of the camps in Dar’a Al-Balad. Movement restrictions on civilians have largely eased within Dar’a Al-Balad, the Nassib crossing to Jordan has reopened for civilian and commercial movement. The Sijneh and Saraya crossings were reopened on 6 September resulting in steady returns. Civilian movement is reportedly back to normal although explosive hazard contamination is hampering returns.
As access to Dar’a Al-Balad has been restored, several humanitarian partners are prioritizing rapid sectoral assessments, and most have resumed regular pre-existing programming. At present, there is no official information available on the damage to public and private infrastructure, however, early reports indicate significant destruction of public infrastructure and housing and restricted access due to explosive hazard contamination. Several explosive hazard incidents have been reported since IDPs have returned, including on 8 and 25 September in Dar’a Al-Balad and Dar’a camp, respectively.
Public services such as electricity, water and telecommunications networks have also resumed since hostilities ceased, and rehabilitation of schools and debris removal is also reported to be underway. After a three-month power cut, the General Electricity Company of Dar’a has started restoring electricity to Dar’a Al-Balad, the Palestine refugee camp and Al Sad road with 90 per cent of the main outputs and cells and 70 per cent of the low-voltage/secondary networks reported rehabilitated.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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