Syria: Flash update on recent events - 8 November 2017
This update provides a summary of recent displacement, along with developments from the UNHCR co-led Sector/Clusters of Protection, Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) and Shelter/Non Food Items (SNFI).
KEY DISPLACEMENT STATISTICS (AS OF 31 OCTOBER 2017)
1,173,042 displacements recorded by the CCCM Cluster in the last 12 months from affected areas of northern and southern Syria:
1,138,045 displacements from affected areas of northern Syria, including Aleppo (334,612), Ar-Raqqa (323,718), Deir-Ez-Zor (176,912), Hama (174,677), Idleb (76,912), Homs (36,389), Al-Hassakeh (13,284), Lattakia (1,541) governorates, northern Syria. This includes nearly 160,000 new displacements recorded in October 2017, with majority (92,812) displaced from Deir-Ez-Zor Governorate.
34,997 displacements from affected areas of Damascus, Rural Damascus, Sweida and Dar’a, south-western Syria.
Yesterday (7 November), a UN spokesperson said humanitarian partners remain deeply concerned about the situation in East Ghouta, on the outskirts of Damascus. Almost 400,000 civilians remain inside the besieged area where they face deteriorating humanitarian, health, and security conditions. Recent assessments indicated severe shortages of food supplies, and a sharp increase in the prices of basic commodities.
The UN has expressed concern over a recent escalation of airstrikes in Aleppo and Idleb governorates. A spokesperson noted that over a period of 48 hours, multiple and sustained airstrikes were reported in the southern countryside of Aleppo Governorate and parts of Idleb Governorate. The UN called on all parties to the conflict to take all measures to protect civilians, as required under international humanitarian law.
Media sources reported on 6 November that hundreds of civilians returned to one district in eastern Ar-Raqqa city, in what the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) described as a first wave of IDP returns since it finished clearing explosives left by extremist groups.
According to media reports and conflict monitors, at least 75 people, including women and children, were killed on 5 November by a car bomb planted by extremist groups in the suburbs of Deir-Ez-Zor. Those that were targeted in the attack were reportedly fleeing the recent fighting in Deir-Ez-Zor city.
On 3 November, Syrian Government forces announced that they had taken the last remaining extremist-controlled neighborhoods in Deir-Ez-Zor city.
Last week, the UN said that humanitarian partners remained deeply concerned about the impact of ongoing fighting on civilians across Deir-Ez-Zor Governorate.
Eight members of the Protection Monitoring Task Force in the Turkey Hub conducted 519 key informant interviews in 39 communities covering 15 sub-districts, eight districts, four governorates (Aleppo, Homs, Idleb, and Rural Damascus) in October.
At the end of October, the Protection Cluster in the Turkey Hub conducted a two-day workshop on the protection of IDPs, attended by 25 participants representing Syrian and international NGOs. At the end of the workshop, participants were able to identify the rights of IDPs and the corresponding obligations of governments and other involved actors, according to the Framework on Internal Displacement.
Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM)
The CCCM Cluster finalized the IDP Sites Integrated Monitoring Matrix (ISIMM) for the month of September. The CCCM Cluster coordinated multi-sectoral life-saving assistance for 358,383 IDPs residing in 351 IDP sites across northern Syria. The Cluster assessed that the following needs of IDPs in sites were covered: water (89% covered), waste removal (85%), sanitation (84%), shelter (68%), food (68%), and NFIs (63%). Five new IDP sites in Idleb governorate were added to the list. A total of 36 member organizations contributed to the September ISIMM report.
CCCM Cluster members currently manage two reception centres in Idleb and Aleppo governorates, with an overall capacity of 3,400 individuals. As of 30 October, the reception centres in Mezanaz (Atareb sub-district, Aleppo Governorate) and Maaret Elekhwan (Maaret Tamasrin sub-district, Idleb Governorate) are hosting 1,297 and 394 individuals, respectively. The number of IDPs in these centres recently reduced, as many families left for other locations.
The CCCM Cluster continues to share updates with member agencies on displacements in northern Syria, and particularly from Ar-Raqqa and Deir-ez-Zor governorates. The total number of displacements from Deir-ez-Zor Governorate since 1 July has reached 169,778 individuals, out of which 43,141 individuals were displaced within Deir-Ez-Zor Governorate, 42,874 to Aleppo, 37,439 to Ar-Raqqa, 25,467 to Idleb and 20,857 to Al-Hassakeh.
From Ar-Raqqa Governorate, a total of 85,811 displacements have been recorded since 1 July, including 51,391 displacements within Ar-Raqqa Governorate, 20,474 to Aleppo, 11,284 to Idleb, 2,451 to Deir-Ez-Zor and 211 to Al-Hassakeh.
Shelter/Non-Food Items (SNFI)
The Shelter Sector in Syria issued its monthly update for September. Based on recent needs assessments inside Syria, the estimated number of people in need of shelter in Syria is around 4.2 million of which 1.9 million have acute shelter needs. This will serve as the planning figure for the 2018 activities.
The NFI Sector in Syria issued its monthly update for September. Based on recent needs assessments inside Syria, the estimated number of people in need of essential NFIs is around 4.7 million, of which 3.3 million are in acute need. This number will serve as the planning figure for 2018 activities.
IDP return movements continue to be observed in some areas in Syria. In September, NFI Sector partners provided NFI assistance to around 63,000 IDP returnees in Aleppo and Homs governorates. A total of 101,000 core and supplementary NFIs were distributed. Meanwhile, the provision of emergency NFI support, especially to newly-displaced populations, continues. In Al-Hassakeh, around 25,000 displaced persons in Al-Hol, Areesheh, and Mabrouka camps (north-east Syria) received NFIs. Another 1,000 displaced persons in Ein Issa of Ar-Raqqa governorates also benefitted from NFIs.
The SNFI Cluster in the Turkey Hub reported that as of 31 October, the Humanitarian Fund Stock has 3,803 NFI kits and 122 tents.