Syria: Flash update on recent events - 11 October 2017
This update provides a summary of recent displacement, along with developments from the UNHCR co-led Sector/Clusters of Protection, Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) and Shelter/Non Food Items (SNFI).
KEY DISPLACEMENT STATISTICS (AS OF 3 OCTOBER 2017)
957,654 displacements recorded by the CCCM Cluster in the last 12 months from affected areas of northern and southern Syria:
922,664 displacements from affected areas of northern Syria, including Aleppo (331,567), Ar-Raqqa (310,356), Hama (140,924), Idleb (55,033), Homs (35,821), Deir-Ez-Zor (35,412), Al-Hassakeh (12,010), Lattakia (1,541) governorates, northern Syria. This includes 62,400 new displacements recorded in September alone, with the largest displacements from Hama, Idleb, Deir-Ez-Zor and Ar-Raqqa governorates.
34,990 displacements from affected areas of Damascus, Rural Damascus, Sweida and Dar’a, south-western Syria.
According to media reports, on 7 October Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced that Turkish-backed Syrian armed opposition groups were launching a new operation in Idleb Governorate.
Media sources this week reported renewed fighting between armed opposition groups in opposition-controlled areas of eastern Hama Governorate in northern Syria.
A spokesperson for the United Nations Secretary-General said that the UN continues to be deeply concerned for the safety and protection of over one million people in Deir-Ez-Zor Governorate. Many of those displaced have moved to locations difficult for humanitarian workers to reach, due to the presence of extremist groups or ongoing fighting. The spokesperson added that the last UN inter-agency delivery to Deir-Ez-Zor city was on 27 September, which delivered assistance for 75,000 people in need. Since then, fighting in the countryside south of Deir-Ez-Zor city has reportedly resulted in the highway in the area being cut off, making it inaccessible for commercial and humanitarian movement.
In a statement on 5 October, the UN Regional Humanitarian Coordinator for the Syria Crisis said that he was appalled by reports of high numbers of civilian casualties due to heavy air attacks in Syria. The statement noted that hospitals, ambulances, schools and displaced people escaping violence have been targeted by direct airstrikes, resulting in deaths and injuries of innocent civilians.
September was reportedly the deadliest month of 2017 for civilians, with daily reports of attacks on residential areas and civilian casualties reported in Ar-Raqqa, Deir-Ez-Zor, Idleb, Rural Damascus, Hama, and Aleppo governorates.
The Protection Sector within Syria continues to sensitize humanitarian actors on protection mainstreaming and protection risks analysis. This week, the Sector was requested to address all humanitarian partners attending the inter-agency training on the 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) projects on principles and practice in protection mainstreaming into project design. Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM)
Due to airstrikes in the area, the CCCM Cluster has recorded new displacements from Jisr-Ash-Shugur sub-district of Idleb Governorate in northern Syria. The Cluster has tracked a total of 6,654 displacements towards other areas of Idleb, particularly Janudiyeh (3,854 displacements) and Darkosh (1,751). The CCCM Cluster continues to follow the situation closely and is sharing updates with member agencies as more information becomes available. The security situation has forced some Cluster member agencies to temporarily suspend their operations in Jisr-Ash-Shugur.
Starting on 5 October, increased fighting was reported in and around the town of Al Rahjan (As-Saan sub-district, Hama Governorate) between armed opposition groups. Numerous displacements were reported as a result of these clashes. Three informal IDP settlements in the area were also impacted by the escalated fighting. The CCCM Cluster continues to monitor the situation and is sharing updates as more information becomes available.
The CCCM Cluster continues to share updates with member agencies on displacements in northern Syria, and particularly in Ar-Raqqa and Idleb governorates. The total number of displacements from Ar-Raqqa Governorate since 1 April has reached 272,827 individuals, out of which 211,408 individuals were displaced inside Ar-Raqqa Governorate itself, while 40,436 individuals were displaced to Aleppo, 14,227 to Idleb, 6,679 to Deir-ez-Zor and the rest to Hama.
In Idleb Governorate, a total of 201,924 displacements have been recorded since 1 April, including 79,279 displacements from Hama Governorate, 46,221 from within Idleb, 20,805 from Aleppo, 14,787 from Damascus, 14,227 from Ar-Raqqa, 10,533 from Homs, 6,082 from Rural Damascus, 3,380 from Lebanon (Arsal displacements), 4,962 from Deir-Ez-Zor, 114 from Al-Hassakeh and the rest from Dar’a. Shelter/Non-Food Items (SNFI)
The Whole of Syria SNFI Cluster is targeting 2.8 million individuals with winter assistance this season. Of these, 1.67 million individuals are being targeted by the Syria hub, 861,000 individuals by the Turkey cross-border hub, and 220,000 individuals by the Jordan cross-border hub. The three hubs in the SNFI Cluster require a total of USD 116.8 million to deliver winter assistance to the total 2.8 million individuals in need. Thirty-seven per cent of individuals targeted are currently not covered by winter assistance due to unsecured funding (the current funding gap is of USD 61.3 million). The October 2017 winter assistance update can be viewed here.
One partner in the SNFI Cluster Turkey hub reported temporarily suspending activities in Idleb Governorate due to security issues.