Syria: Drought - Information Bulletin n° 1

Situation Report
Originally published
View original


GLIDE DR-2008-000174-SYR

This bulletin is being issued for information only, and reflects the current situation and details available at this time. The Syrian Arab Red Crescent (Syrian Arab RC), with the support of the International Federation, will assess the situation and may request funding from the International Federation's Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF).

A recent assessment carried out indicates that around 1,3 million people are affected from the drought in Syria; specifically in Al Hassakeh, Raqqa, Hama and Deir ez-Zor. Crops have been damaged, forcing the affected population to migrate to big cities.

Population movement, livelihoods, risk reduction and humanitarian relief are the main areas of focus for the Syrian Arab RC. Special attention will be given by the National Society to food and non-food items (NFIs) ditribution, risk reduction, climate change adaptation, water and sanitation and registration of the internally displaced persons (IDPs).

The Situation

The situation Syria is facing for the last three years with regards to drought is seriously deteriorating. According to a recent assessment carried out by a joint United Nations mission in the eastern parts of the country and its findings presented on 13 July 2009, currently around 1,3 million people are affected from this disaster.

The worst hit area in the Syrian Arab Republic is Al Hassakeh, with more than 500,000 people directly being affected. Other governorates of concern are Raqqa (more than 100,000 people), Hama (around 80,000 people) and Deir ez-Zor (around 50,000 people). Small scale farmers and rural households have lost their crops and 80 per cent of their animal stock with no alternative income sources. Food supplies, clean water, health support and maintaining livelihoods are the urgent needs. In addition, those who have been migrating and their host families may require humanitarian support. According to UN sources, around 35,000 people have already left for the cities. The area affected by the drought normally provides the country with 70 per cent of its wheat and other important crops.