In the past several weeks fighting in Syria has intensified, particularly in Dayr az Zawr, Aleppo, Damascus, and Dar’a governorates. The fighting has resulted in increased displacement within Syria, including displacement of some Syrians for a second or third time. Approximately 45,000 Syrians fled to neighboring countries during the first three weeks of September, according to the U.N. Fighting near Syria’s borders with Turkey and Jordan has increased, in some cases hindering vulnerable populations from fleeing to safety across international borders.
The humanitarian situation in Syria continues to deteriorate, according to the U.N. Checkpoints, roadblocks, road closures, and insecurity—both directly related to the conflict and as a result of an upsurge in criminal activity—are constraining humanitarian access. The U.N. has observed an increase in kidnappings and car-jackings in recent weeks, compounding the threats to humanitarian workers, particularly local staff.
The U.N.—in conjunction with the Syrian Arab Republic Government (SARG)—released a revised Syria Humanitarian Response Plan (SHRP) at the Syria Humanitarian Forum in Geneva, Switzerland, on September 7, requesting $348 million to support humanitarian programs inside Syria. The U.N. released a revised version of the Syria Regional Response Plan (RRP) on September 27, requesting approximately $488 million to support scaled-up relief efforts to address the needs of people displaced from Syria to Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, and Turkey.
On September 28, U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton announced that the United States is providing nearly $30 million in additional humanitarian assistance to help those affected by the conflict in Syria. This assistance includes $14.4 million to non-governmental organizations (NGOs) to provide medical supplies, emergency medical care, shelter materials, blankets, and basic household necessities; $8 million to the U.N. Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) to assist Palestinian refugees affected by the violence; $4.76 million to the Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to assist displaced and conflict affected Syrians inside Syria; $1.3 million to the U.N. World Health Organization (WHO); and $1 million to the U.N. Children’s Fund (UNICEF).