Syria ‑ Complex Emergency Fact Sheet #2, Fiscal Year (FY) 2019 [EN/AR]
SARG and GoRF airstrikes target AOG-held areas near Aleppo city following alleged chemical attack
Approximately 153,000 people return to areas of origin in Ar Raqqah city
UN records nearly 140 attacks impacting health care facilities across Syria in 2018
Conflict causes more than 7,000 child casualties in Syria from November 2013 to June 2018
From November 24–25, Syrian Arab Republic Government (SARG) and Government of the Russian Federation (GoRF) airstrikes targeted armed opposition group (AOG)-held areas west and south of Aleppo city, marking the first aerial bombardment in northwestern Syria since the establishment of a de-militarized zone by the Government of Turkey (GoT) and GoRF in mid-September, according to international media. The airstrikes were reportedly in retaliation for an alleged AOG chemical attack on SARGcontrolled areas in Aleppo city on November 24; as of early December, the UN had not confirmed the use of chemical weapons.
Nearly 153,000 people returned to areas of origin in northeastern Syria’s Ar Raqqah city from October 2017–October 2018 despite extensive infrastructure damage, explosive remnant of war (ERW) contamination, and limited availability of services. As of late October, approximately 23,400 internally displaced persons (IDPs) remained at four displacement sites in Dayr az Zawr, Al Hasakah, and Ar Raqqah governorates, the UN reports.
In October, the UN recorded three attacks against health facilities, including two attacks in Aleppo Governorate and one attack in Dayr az Zawr; the incidents did not result in any civilian casualties, the UN reports. The UN recorded nearly 140 attacks impacting health care facilities across Syria from January–October, according to the UN.
Between November 2013 and June 2018, the UN recorded more than 7,000 conflictrelated child casualties and verified more than 12,500 grave violations against children, including abduction, sexual violence, and denial of humanitarian assistance.