In the refugee camps in Jordan and Iraq, 3RP WASH partners continued to carry out considerable work to reduce costs through transition from emergency mechanisms to more cost-effective service delivery.
In the month of December in Zaatari camp in Jordan, for the first time in the history of the camp, no water supply was required from external sources as the water from the three boreholes in the camp was sufficient for the entire camp (supplying 3.22 million litres per day). Construction of the pond for the collection of non-supply water has been completed and is in use, reducing the amount of water required for the camp (the water from the borehole flushing is now being recycled as cleaning water for sanitation facilities, leading to a reduction in the water required). Water quality monitoring continued with a focus on water storage tanks in public areas and institutions. An assessment was carried out in the camp which included questions relating to the access of households to WASH facilities and services. The data will be used to improve the design and modelling of the water network.
In Iraq, in Dahuk Governorate, water network rehabilitation has been completed for some sectors of Domiz 1 camp, greatly reducing the need for water trucking in the camp and improving the reliability of water provision to refugees. Construction of open channels for grey and surface water drainage in eight sectors of the camp has also been completed. In Erbil Governorate, construction of sanitation works for 1,302 new shelter plots in Darashakran, Kawergosk and Qushtapa camps has been completed.
WASH partners focussed on improving other services in camps across Iraq including improved household acess to family latrines and showers, water quality monitoring, waste water and solid waste management, and community mobilization and participation.