Syria: 2016 Humanitarian Response Plan Monitoring Report, January-June 2016 [EN/AR]
Now entering its sixth year, the conflict in Syria continues to take a drastic toll on the lives of the Syrian people and to drive an unprecedented humanitarian and protection crisis: some 13.5 million people are now in need of humanitarian assistance and protection, including 6 million children. Half of the country’s pre-crisis population has been forced from their homes, with around one third of the remaining population now displaced within Syria and over 4.8 seeking refuge in neighbouring countries and beyond.
Due to continued conflict, access constraints, and a still deepening economic recession, among other factors, the already catastrophic humanitarian landscape continues to deteriorate. Since January, over 900,000 people – an average of 5,000 per day – have been newly displaced and the number unable to obtain the basic food required to meet their needs has risen from 6.3 million to 6.7 million (6 per cent).
Over the first six months of 2016, humanitarian partners, including UN agencies, international NGOs, and national NGOs working together from multiple hubs (Syria, Turkey, Jordan,
Lebanon, and Iraq) under the Whole of Syria (WoS) approach, have delivered humanitarian assistance and protection services to millions of people across the country each month. Although surpassed by the immensity of needs, the scale of the response remains staggering; between 1 January and 30 June 2016 alone, through a combination of regular, cross-line, and cross-border modalities, humanitarian partners have, inter alia:
• Reached an average of 5.7 million people every month with food assistance;
• Provided 4.2 million people with direct assistance, such as water purification supplies, hygiene kits, and essential household and winterization items;
• Cumulatively, provided over 8 million people with water and sanitation supplies and services, including water, through water trucking (1.6 million people), householdlevel water purification (1.3 million people), and emergency water and sanitation infrastructure (600,000 people);
• Supported or carried out 7 million medical procedures and provided more than 7 million treatment courses;
• Launched an accelerated multi-antigen immunization campaign – the first nationwide campaign since the beginning of the crisis. Out of 1.8 million children targeted during the first phase, 1.3 million children (74%) were successfully reached from inside Syria and through cross-border support from Turkey.
• Providing over 1 million children with access to learning programmes;
• Screened 557,000 children under five for acute malnutrition and supported 838,000 girls and boys under 5 with Lipid-Based Nutrient Supplements (LNS); and • Supported over 1.5 million people to access basic and social infrastructure, services, and/or livelihoods.
Notably, the first six months of 2016 also saw a sharp increase in the level of assistance reaching people living in the besieged and hardto-reach locations. For the first time since the crisis, all 18 besieged locations were reached, at least once, through inter-agency convoys.