KEY FINDINGS FOLLOWING CONTINUED BESIEGEMENT
Findings from a total of 398 interviews and 127 observation checklists
The interviews and checklists were completed by the staff of Protection cluster members working inside East Aleppo city. This report owes to the great efforts of these frontline workers.
Movement intentions: If there were safe and secure routes for civilians to leave East Aleppo city, 44% of respondents said that people would not leave, while 40% said that they would. 16% did not know and 1% did not answer. Whereas during the rapid protection assessment in late August, the great majority of those wishing to leave was female, the proportion of people expressing that people would leave is now 36% male. Reasons for staying and going varied and are detailed in the findings.
Intended destinations in case of safe exit: Among those who indicated they would leave, 41% of 155 respondents said that they would go to non-government controlled territory. 31% said that they would go to Idleb, with 4 (3% of 155) stating that they wished to continue to Turkey. 31% said that they would go to the Aleppo countryside. 14% said that they would go to governmentcontrolled areas. A small number specified simply that they would go to any safe area without bombs. Rationale for these choices are elaborated in the detailed findings.
Displacement within East Aleppo city: 49% of 318 respondents noted a significant departure of civilians from their neighborhoods in the last three weeks, while 28% noted significant arrival of civilians to their neighborhood. The continued displacement occurs as people flee bombing and attempt to secure basic needs.
Movement restriction: Of 384 respondents, roughly 300 (78%) reported movement restrictions due to a variety of reasons.
The situation for children: Child labour is a prevalent issue in East Aleppo city with 58% noting children working during school hours. 22% of the respondents out of 329 interviews including children confirmed existence of child recruitment and 35% of the 321 respondents noted the issue of separated and unaccompanied children.
Gender-Based Violence: Domestic violence was identified as a significant protection risk (31%); together with sexual violence and early marriage, it continues to pervade the lives of women and girls in Eastern Aleppo. 21% of respondents report an increase in early marriage as coping mechanism. Sexual favours in exchange for aid and sexual harassment at distribution points are also reportedly affecting women and boys.
Explosive hazards: The percentage of individuals interviewed who are aware of civilian death or injury by explosive hazards in the last three weeks has increased from 55% (August rapid assessment) to 63%.
*Concerns related to humanitarian assistance were reported among 40% of those interviewed, including exploitation and sexual favours.
Housing, land, and property*: 82% said that there had been damage to land or property in the last three weeks (including contamination of private property by explosive hazards). 44% cited looting of private property, and 31% cited the unlawful occupation of property.
Need for psychosocial support: 55% of 325 respondents expressed the need for psychosocial support, compared to 20% in late August.
Documentation: Of 396 respondents, 30% said that there had been a loss of civil documents in the last three weeks affecting access to humanitarian assistance etc.
Prevalence of multiple protection risks: Respondents noted the physical threat of aerial bombardment as the most prevalent protection risk, followed by forced displacement within the city, child labour, domestic violence, and tension between host and displaced communities.