Syria + 1 more

Lebanon response OCHA situation report No. 18

Situation Report
Originally published
ERC calls lack of access to southern Lebanon a 'disgrace'

UN Emergency Relief Coordinator Jan Egeland has criticized Hezbollah and the IDF over their failure to allow some 120,000 "besieged" civilians in South Lebanon to be reached with humanitarian aid. No supplies have reached Tyre in the last four days.

Tyre increasingly isolated

The UN Area Coordinator in Tyre reported that the town is very quiet with very few people on the Streets. Small numbers of civilians outside the town are moving from one village to the next. The main hospital (173 beds) is receiving the vast majority of trauma cases with some 15 cases per day. The current international humanitarian presence is very limited. A large number of international journalists are stranded in Tyre because they cannot leave.


1. The Government of Lebanon's (GoL) Higher Relief Committee (HRC) has reported that 1,032 people have been killed and 3,580 injured in the conflict to date.

2. IDF ground forces have continued pushing deeper into South Lebanon. As well as ground hostilities south of the Litani river, west Beirut has been hit by airstrikes, one close to the UN Coordination base. No repairs have been permitted to bridges or roads. The night-time curfew in Tyre and surrounding areas remains in place. Relief goods are able to move only as far as Saida with no guarantee of onward distribution.

3. UNRWA reported that of approximately 40,000 Palestinians in southern Lebanon, perhaps half had fled to the North or to Syria. UNRWA said that while access to this population was difficult, food supplies in the three camps were available.

4. Some 50 Palestinian refugees from the Ein el-Hilweh camp have moved from Tyre to Saida since yesterday, possibly on foot, to escape the hostilities.

5. UNHCR's border monitoring of four major crossing points show that the refugee influx from Lebanon into Syria has decreased to 1,500 a day or 10,000 a week; some border points are now down to 200 per day due to bombing of access roads. About 70% of those arriving in the last few days are women and children..

6. According to UNHCR, new arrivals are increasingly traumatized, some wearing only nightclothes, having fled night-time bombardments. They travel by truck, mini bus and on foot where roads are damaged.

7. The Norwegian Aid Cooperation and UNDP are coordinating with the Ministry of Social Affairs (MoSA) and the MoH on training for social workers in order to resolve emerging social problems in IDP centres.

8. An EU team has visited oil-spill affected areas in Beirut with the Ministry of Environment (MoE). Equipment needed to pump remaining oil includes: booms, skimmers, pumps, power packs, containment equipment, protection gear, advisors and instructors. The team, in collaboration with partners such as the Regional Marine Pollution Emergency Response Centre for the Mediterranean, will continue to assist the MoE.

9. In Syria, an initial assessment conducted by UNEP/OCHA environmental experts revealed that, although oil still remains on the shore, damage so far is limited and cleanup efforts to date have been reasonably effective.



10. No convoys left for the South today. Concurrence continues to be refused for Nabatiye - the town is being heavily shelled, despite being north of the Litani river. A 15-truck convoy bound for Baalbek was re-routed to Zahle, but should proceed on Friday.

11. One UNIFIL supply ship docked in Naqoura today and another is scheduled to arrive tomorrow. The vessels are also used to take civilian staff back to Cyprus. UNIFIL continues to support the civilian population in its Area of Responsibility (AOR) where possible.

Upcoming Logistics Movement (Land)
(via Saida)
WFP and UNFPA cargo - concurrence request to be presented again
Daily staff and cargo
Onward movement of today's convoy of UNFPA, HRC, WFP, WHO supplies
Today's Tripoli convoy to return tomorrow
Daily cargo convoy


Upcoming Logistics Movement (Sea)
Ex-Mersin: No update
Ex-Larnaca: No update


12. The dramatic shortages of fuel to sustain hospitals and other health facilities remains unsolved. WHO is receiving numerous requests for fuel from at least 24 private hospitals and is looking into transporting a 10-day supply for fuel for those hospitals in most urgent need.

13. Medical services in the South are becoming increasingly strained as the supply chain is closed. MSF is trying to ensure there is a hospital capable of dealing with trauma cases.

14. WHO is encountering serious difficulties with the transport of essential drugs and one trauma kit to Baalbek and Hamel as today's convoys were cancelled. WHO is receiving requests for drugs and chronic disease medication from various international NGOs working with local partners to meet IDP needs.

15. UNICEF, WHO and MoPH are mobilizing monitoring teams of 40 university students to support the vaccination campaign in Beirut, which is targeting 140 schools sheltering IDPs.

16. ANERA (America Near East Refugee Aid) is working on Health/Nutrition and Hygiene activities in Beirut and Metn. In the last few days they have been delivering infant and toddler kits to mothers in Bpourj al Barajine, and coordinating hot lunch delivery in IDP school centres, with local partner Al-Kafaa Foundation.

17. Rapid nutrition assessments conducted in Beirut over the last two days conclude that food distributions are meeting international standards. WHO is working with the Higher Relief Committee, UNICEF and NGOs to sustain high quality nutrition and stimulate the displaced to become involved in preparing their own meals.


18. Major concerns expressed at the main receiving hospital in Tyre, include fast dwindling food supplies. Jabel Amel hospital is receiving 90% of all war related trauma cases. They estimate that they have food left for two days.

19. The UN Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) has said that population displacement, increasing insecurity and damage to infrastructure are disrupting the country's main cereal harvest and the food supply chain. FAO warns that this could lead to a major food crisis.

Shelter/Non Food Items

20. The UN airlift began today with the first Jordanian Airforce flight from Amman landing in Beirut carrying 9,000 blankets, 192 mattresses and medicines for WHO. A second flight was scheduled for Beirut loaded with 2,244 mattresses, while 45 tonnes of plastic rolls, jerry cans, plastic sheeting and kitchen sets were to be flown into Larnaca from Copenhagen. This cargo should then arrive in Beirut onboard a UN aircraft on 13 August.

21. UNHCR also distributed 400 blankets, 50 plastic sheeting rolls, 460 jerry cans, 200 mattresses, and about 350 kitchen sets to IDPs in Kesrouane today.

Water and Sanitation (WES)

22. Small water quality monitoring teams will be established between the MoPH, WHO, and UNICEF, to ensure all IDP shelter locations are covered. WHO is looking into strengthening solid waste management at shelters as well as at health facilities.


23. IOM reports that a total of 7,675 Third Country Nationals (TCNs) have been assisted to date, departing Lebanon by bus and then by air from Damascus to onward destinations. This figure is set to rise to 10,000 by the end of this week with some 4,000 nationals of Ethiopia, Sri Lanka, Philippines, Bangladesh and other countries scheduled to depart Damascus.

24. IOM continues to liaise with Government s in the region to expedite operations. IOM medical teams assessed over 800 TCNs on yesterday's convoy departing Lebanon. In addition IOM operates 24-hour transit centres in Syria with medical support. IOM calls on Member States to urgently contribute additional funding to support these on-going operations.

Early Recovery

25. Restoration of public service systems and housing loan plans are among needs flagged yesterday by partners looking at early recovery activities. An estimated 7,000 houses/apartments have been destroyed, half in southern Beirut suburbs alone. The GoL Prime Minister's office is working on proposals with UNDP and other agencies.


Flash Appeal

26. OCHA's Financial Tracking Service (FTS) today reports US$ 76.7 million in resources available to appealing agencies and an additional $ 12.5 million in pledges against the $155 million Flash Appeal.

27. Top donors are: the European Commission, the US, Norway, the CERF and Germany. Pledges from Qatar, Saudi Arabia and Indonesia are being confirmed. Agencies and donors are encouraged to report new pledges to on a daily basis.

Full details can be found on the FTS on

Contact Details:

Desk Officers:

(New York) Mr. Carlos Monteiro-Pereira, Tel: +1-212-963-4639
(New York) Mr. Ben Negus, Tel: +1-917-367-4374
(New York) Ms. Heidi Kuttab, Tel: +1-917-367-3365

Press contact:

(New York) Ms. Stephanie Bunker, Tel: +1-917-367-5126

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