The present report is the sixty-fourth submitted pursuant to paragraph 17 of Security Council resolution 2139 (2014), paragraph 10 of resolution 2165 (2014), paragraph 5 of resolution 2191 (2014), paragraph 5 of resolution 2258 (2015), paragraph 5 of resolution 2332 (2016), paragraph 6 of resolution 2393 (2017), paragraph 12 of resolution 2401 (2018) and paragraph 6 of resolution 2449 (2018), in the last of which the Council requested the Secretary-General to provide a report at least every 60 days, on the implementation of the resolutions by all parties to the conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic.
The information contained herein is based on data available to agencies of the United Nations system and obtained from the Government of the Syrian Arab Republic and other relevant sources. Data from agencies of the United Nations system on their humanitarian deliveries have been reported for October and November 2019.
II. Major developments
Key points: October and November 2019
Civilians continue to face significant hardship in the north-west of the Syrian Arab Republic. Despite the ceasefire in Idlib announced by the Russian Federation and the Government of the Syrian Arab Republic on 30 August, active hostilities escalated throughout the reporting period on both sides of the front line. From 1 October to 22 November, the Office of the High Commissioner of Human Rights (OHCHR) recorded 136 civilian deaths in the de-escalation zone in the north-west of the country, including many women and children. On 20 November, missiles that, according to OHCHR, were fired from government-held territory hit the Qah camp for internally displaced persons in Idlib, allegedly killing at least 16 people, including 4 women and 6 children, and injuring 30 more civilians.
Health-care and education services continued to be affected by hostilities throughout the Syrian Arab Republic during the reporting period, with 18 incidents affecting health-care facilities and assets confirmed by the World Health Organization, and 5 incidents affecting education facilities verified by the United Nations. The incidents resulted in the killing of 3 people in need of medical care and humanitarian workers and the injuring of another 21 people.
On 9 October, Turkey launched Operation Peace Spring in an area between Tall Abyad and Ra’s al-Ayn in the Syrian Arab Republic. Over 200,000 civilians fled their homes amid the hostilities and OHCHR recorded 147 civilian casualties, including women and children, many from improvised explosive devices. Many international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) temporarily suspended activities, but have since restarted their work. Operations at the Aluk water station in Hasakah were interrupted during the reporting period as a result of hostilities. Access to the wa ter stations was possible through a communication channel set up between the United Nations and Turkey, which also supported evacuations of NGOs and internally displaced persons from the area. Parts of the M4 highway, a critical route for the delivery of humanitarian supplies to the north-east of the Syrian Arab Republic, continue to be disrupted by hostilities. As at 26 November, 123,000 people had returned, while almost 75,000 remained displaced from Hasakah, Raqqah and Aleppo Governorates and nearly 17,000 had fled to Iraq.
In the north-east of the country, the Hawl camp in Hasakah Governorate hosts 68,400 people, 94 per cent of whom are women and children. Services in the camp continue, despite a temporary reduction in the presence of humanitarian partners and the suspension of several activities following the launch of Operation Peace Spring, in particular in relation to health and protection. Camp administrators temporarily suspended non-emergency medical referrals, leave permits and camp visits immediately after the hostilities began on 9 October, but have since lifted those restrictions.
Humanitarian assistance provided by United Nations agencies included food for an average of 4.3 million people in need each month and more than 1.3 million health and medical treatments to people throughout the country. Cross-border assistance, authorized under Security Council resolutions 2165 (2014), 2191 (2014), 2258 (2015), 2393 (2017) and 2449 (2018), remained a vital part of the humanitarian response. In October and November, 1,955 trucks (39 consignments) delivered general food assistance for over 1 million people (monthly average).
Response efforts from within the Syrian Arab Republic continued at scale in response to assessed needs throughout much of the country, even as access to some areas and for some humanitarian actors, including the United Nations, remained limited. During the reporting period, the United Nations and its partners received approval from the Syrian authorities to conduct 825 missions, 774 of which were approved at the local level (blanket approval or Governorate approval) and 51 at the national level (formal approval).