The present report is the sixtieth submitted pursuant to paragraph 17 of Security Council resolution 2139 (2014), paragraph 10 of resolution 2165 (2014), paragraph 5 of resolution 2191 (2014), paragraph 5 of resolution 2258 (2015), paragraph 5 of resolution 2332 (2016), paragraph 6 of resolution 2393 (2017),paragraph 12 of resolution 2401 (2018) and paragraph 6 of resolution 2449 (2018), in the last of which the Council requested the Secretary-General to provide a report at least every 60 days, on the implementation of the resolutions by all parties to the conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic.
The information contained herein is based on data available to agencies of the United Nations system and obtained from the Government of the Syrian Arab Republic and other relevant sources. Data from agencies of the United Nations system on their humanitarian deliveries have been reported for February and March 2019.
II. Major developments
Key points: February and March 2019
Large numbers of civilians were reportedly killed and injured in Baghuz and surrounding areas in south-eastern Dayr al-Zawr Governorate as a result of air strikes and intense fighting between the Syrian Democratic Forces and Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant. From 4 December 2018 through the end of March 2019, more than 63,500 people were displaced out of the area to the Hawl camp in Hasakah Governorate. Some 217 people died either on route or shortly after arriving at the camp and many more arrived in severe condition.
Humanitarian conditions in the makeshift settlement at Rukban, on the SyrianJordanian border, remain dire despite the deployment of a joint United Nations-Syrian Arab Red Crescent convoy in February. As at the end of March, 362 people had left the makeshift settlement and been transported to collective shelters in Homs Governorate.
Flooding and severe cold compounded the suffering of millions of people in need across much of the country, with several camps for internally displaced persons in the north-east and north-west experiencing heavy rain, resulting in the destruction of shelters and secondary displacement of already extremely vulnerable people.
In the Idlib de-escalation area, artillery shelling and clashes between Syrian Government forces, the Levant Liberation Organization and non-State armed opposition groups significantly increased in mid-February, with reports of air strikes as at 24 February. Scores of people have been killed and at least 105,000 individuals have been displaced to nearby towns where they have been staying out in the open, in public buildings, with host communities or in informal settlements, with very little access to basic commodities.
Attacks on educational and medical facilities continued to be reported and verified by humanitarian organizations, with 12 attacks on schools and 4 attacks on hospitals confirmed during the reporting period.
In February and March 2019, United Nations humanitarian agencies and partners continued to reach millions of people in need across the Syrian Arab Republic. Humanitarian assistance provided by United Nations agencies included food for an average of 3.2 million people in need, as well as nearly 2.4 million health and medical treatments to people across the country. Cross-border assistance, authorized under Security Council resolutions 2165 (2014), 2191 (2014), 2258 (2015), 2393 (2017) and 2449 (2018), remained a vital part of the humanitarian response. During the reporting period, 906 trucks (27 consignments) delivered lifesaving assistance to more than a million people through cross-border deliveries, including food assistance for some 650,000 people in February and in March (monthly average).
At the third Brussels Conference on Supporting the Future of Syria and the Region, on 14 March 2019, international donors pledged a record $7 billion, to meet needs inside the Syrian Arab Republic and ensure support for refugees and host communities in neighbouring countries. The Conference was an important demonstration of the international community’s continued solidarity with the people of the Syrian Arab Republic and with the country’s neighbours, which continue to host millions of refugees at great economic cost.