1. The present report is the thirty-sixth submitted pursuant to paragraph 17 of Security Council resolution 2139 (2014), paragraph 10 of Council resolution 2165 (2014), paragraph 5 of Council resolution 2191 (2014), paragraph 5 of Council resolution 2258 (2015), and paragraph 5 of Council resolution 2332 (2016) in which the Council requested the Secretary-General to report, every 30 days, on the implementation of the resolutions by all parties to the conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic.
2. The information contained herein is based on the data available to United Nations agencies on the ground, from the Government of the Syrian Arab Republic, other Syrian sources and open sources. Data from United Nations agencies on their humanitarian deliveries have been reported for the period from 1 to 31 January 2017.
Key points in January 2017
(1) The ceasefire that went into effect on 30 December continued to hold and, despite a number of notable breaches, including in Idlib and Rif Dimashq, resulted in a reduction in fighting during the month.
(2) January was the first month, since the institution of the International Syria Support Group and its Task Force on Humanitarian Access, during which not a single inter-agency cross-line convoy from the humanitarian convoy plan was deployed, the principal obstacles to their deployment including insecurity, lack of administrative approvals and disagreement among the parties to the Four Towns ceasefire agreement covering Zabadani, Madaya, Fu‘ah and Kafraya and surrounding areas. The only inter-agency convoy that delivered aid (reaching Mu‘addamiyah al-Sham on 7 January) had been approved under the November convoy plan.
(3) An estimated 1.8 million inhabitants of Aleppo and the surrounding eastern countryside (including Manbij and Bab) had their water cut on 14 January owing to a technical problem at the water pumping station, which is located in territory held by Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL).
(4) Following fierce fighting, which led to the displacement of over 17,500 people in the Wadi Barada area, on 28 January a ceasefire was reached between the Government of the Syrian Arab Republic and non-State armed opposition groups. A total of 1,925 fighters and family members evacuated from Wadi Barada to Idlib on 29 January. The agreement also allowed technical teams to enter the water facility, enabling the resumption of limited water supply to Damascus.
(5) An ISIL offensive on Dayr al-Zawr that began on 15 January has effectively cut the besieged enclave in the western part of the city in two. World Food Programme (WFP) airdrops were halted between 15 and 28 January, as the drop zone became inaccessible and a new location had to be identified.
(6) Following a comprehensive review by the United Nations, it is now estimated that, as of the end of January 2017, some 643,780 people are living in 13 areas under siege.