1. The present report is the thirty-fifth submitted pursuant to paragraph 17 of Security Council resolution 2139 (2014), paragraph 10 of Council resolution 2165 (2014), paragraph 5 of Council resolution 2191 (2014), paragraph 5 of Council resolution 2258 (2015) and paragraph 5 of Council resolution 2332 (2016), in which the Council requested the Secretary-General to report, every 30 days, on the implementation of the resolutions by all parties to the conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic.
2. The information contained herein is based on the data available to United Nations agencies on the ground, from the Government of the Syrian Arab Republic, other Syrian sources and open sources. Data from United Nations agencies on their humanitarian deliveries have been reported for the period from 1 to 31 December 2016.
Key points in December 2016
(1) After a fierce escalation of fighting throughout the month, on 30 December a nationwide ceasefire went into effect that, notwithstanding some breaches, reduced levels of violence.
(2) More than 116,000 people were displaced from formerly besieged areas of eastern Aleppo. Some 80,000 people registered in government-controlled areas, including areas formerly besieged, and 36,000 people were evacuated from eastern Aleppo to the western Aleppo countryside and Idlib between 15 and 22 December. The United Nations provided life-saving assistance to those who were displaced from or who have since returned to eastern Aleppo. After the removal of eastern Aleppo from the list of besieged locations, some 700,000 people remain besieged across the Syrian Arab Republic.
(3) One inter-agency convoy delivered assistance to 6,000 of a total of 930,250 people requested under the December inter-agency convoy plan for the month (less than 1 per cent).
(4) The fighting that led to civilian deaths and the displacement of 7,000 people in the Wadi Barada area also cut off an estimated 5.5 million people in Damascus and surrounding areas from the main water supply.
(5) The United Nations and health partners received credible reports of 12 attacks against medical facilities, and the United Nations verified 5 attacks against educational facilities.