Humanitarian Update Syrian Arab Republic - Issue 04 | 25 July 2019 [EN/AR]

Situation Report
Originally published


Upsurge in violence endangers 3 million people in northwest

The United Nations remains gravely concerned by the dramatic escalation of violence in northwest Syria which has resulted in over 400 civilians confirmed dead and hundreds of thousands of women, children and men displaced since the upsurge in violence began almost three months ago.
Ongoing clashes, shelling and air strikes, including the use of indiscriminate weapons, such as barrel bombs, continue unabated in Idleb, in western Aleppo and in northern Hama, damaging schools, hospitals, and other critical civilian infrastructure, while hindering humanitarian aid operations.

Since the end of April, there have been over 440,000 displacements (as of 14 July) from northern Hama and southern Idleb governorates, many of them multiple times. Some have been displaced up to five times, while others have been displaced as many as 10.

Most of internally displaced persons (IDPs) are currently living outside camps and reception centres. In Idleb alone, approximately 100 schools are now hosting displaced people. Camps for the displaced people are overcrowded, with many people forced to stay in the open air.

Entire towns and villages have reportedly emptied as residents flee their communities in search of safety and basic services. The majority of those fleeing have displaced within Idleb Governorate while a smaller number have moved into northern Aleppo Governorate.
Roughly two-thirds of people displaced are staying outside camps.

The impact of the hostilities on civilian infrastructure remains severe as vital facilities such as hospitals, bakeries, schools and water pumping stations have been damaged or destoyed by airstrikes and shelling. Since the recent escalation of violence at the end of April, at least 39 incidents involving health facilities or personnel have occurred, killing and injuring civilians, people in need of medical care and the staff who care for them. At least 50 schools have been damaged due to airstrikes and shelling. In July alone there have been at least 29 incidents affecting civilian/humanitarian infrastructure or humanitarian staff or humanitarian staff, including 8 health facilities, 4 schools, 3 IDP settlements, 5 bakeries, 3 markets, 3 water stations, 1 ambulance, and 2 mosques. Several humanitarian workers have also been killed. Reports of more schools, health facilities, and other infrastructure being impacted have been received so the figures are likely to increase.

In what could prove one of the deadliest days of all, at least 60 people reportedly lost their lives and hundreds more were injured following a succession of attacks and violence in three governorates, including Idleb, Hama and Aleppo, on 22 July. Of these, the singular worst attack was on a public market in the town of Ma’arat al-Nu’man in southern Idleb in which at least 39 people were killed, many of them women and children.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit