Humanitarian Situation Overview in Syria (HSOS): Northwest Syria, July 2020

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HSOS is a monthly assessment that provides comprehensive, multi-sectoral information about the humanitarian conditions and priority needs inside Syria. The assessment is conducted using a key informant (KI) methodology at the community level, and collects information on shelter, electricity and non-food items (NFIs), water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), food security and livelihoods (FSL), health, education, protection, humanitarian assistance and accountability to affected populations (AAP), as well as priority needs.

This factsheet presents information gathered in 895 communities across western Aleppo1 (25 communities), northern Aleppo (522 communities), Idleb (343 communities), and Hama (5 communities) governorates. Data was collected between 5-17 of July 2020, and unless specified by an endnote, all indicators refer to the situation in the 30 days prior to data collection (June/July 2020). Findings are indicative rather than representative, and should not be generalized across the region. The dataset is available on the REACH Resource Centre and the Humanitarian Data Exchange.

Key Highlights

In July, communities in northwest Syria were impacted by economic insecurity and a lack of access to key services. The Syrian Pound (SYP) continued to depreciate against the US Dollar, with 1 USD equalling 2,330 SYP as of early July.a Sectoral findings indicate that the inaccessibility and unaffordability of many goods and services impacted nearly every aspect of life in northwest Syria. Prices of basic goods remained high, and shelter items like batteries, bedding, and sources of light were unaffordable for the majority of people.

High prices and unreliable or damaged infrastructure represented a barrier to accessing electricity and water networks, and KIs in 60% of assessed communities indicated that not all households had access to sufficient water. Barriers to healthcare access were reported by KIs in nearly all communities, which is of high concern given the COVID-19 pandemic. KIs in nearly half of communities cited overcrowding in health facilities as a challenge. In mid-July, the first COVID-19 cases were identified in Idleb,d and findings suggest that conditions in northwest Syria are detrimental to stopping the spread of infection. Unaffordability and scarcity of transportation to health centres, medicine shortages, and the high price of health services were indicated by KIs as access challenges. Further, the lack of affordable water and sanitation services is linked to households conserving water and modifying typical hygiene practices, such as limiting bathing and laundry.