Humanitarian Situation Overview in Syria (HSOS): Northeast Syria, July 2020

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HSOS is a monthly assessment that provides comprehensive, multi-sectoral information about the humanitarian conditions and priority needs inside Syria. The assessment is conducted using a key informant (KI) methodology at the community level, and collects information on shelter, electricity and non-food items (NFIs), water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH), food security and livelihoods (FSL), health, education, protection, humanitarian assistance and accountability to affected populations (AAP), as well as priority needs.

This factsheet presents information gathered in 1,172 communities across Aleppo1 (290 communities), Al-Hasakeh (494 communities), Ar-Raqqa (279 communities), and Deirez-Zor (109 communities) governorates. Data was collected between 30 June-15 July 2020, and unless specified by an endnote, all indicators refer to the situation in the 30 days prior to data collection (June/July 2020). Findings are indicative rather than representative, and should not be generalized across the region. The dataset is available on the REACH Resource Centre and the Humanitarian Data Exchange.

Key Highlights

July findings highlight consistent barriers to accessing basic goods and services in northeast Syria (NES). Reported barriers for services and basic goods include difficulties in reaching health facilities and markets, and increasing disruptions of water and electricity networks. To meet their basic needs, households reportedly had to travel to nearby communities or pay for alternative services. Challenges associated with unaffordability likely led households to engage in negative coping strategies, such as borrowing and child labour.

Unaffordability of basic goods and services remained a major issue in NES. High prices were the most commonly reported barrier to accessing sufficient water, food and healthcare. To pay for essentials, households reportedly borrowed money and purchased on credit. Moreover, in around 60% of the assessed communities, children were sent to work or beg. The high price of health services was reportedly the main barrier to accessing healthcare, followed by the lack of health facilities and the absence and/or high costs of transportation to health facilities. In fact, households in more than 70% of the assessed communities had to travel to nearby localities to access health facilities. As a possible consequence of high costs of health services and inaccessibility of health facilities, households commonly resorted to going to a pharmacy instead of a clinic (observed by KIs in 92% of the communities).

Infrastructural challenges impacted households' ability to access water and electricity from main networks. In 96% of the assessed communities, electricity was accessible less than 12 hours per day, and households in nearly 80% of communities did not receive water from the network all days of the week. To tackle distribution networks’ shortfalls, households reportedly resorted to expensive alternatives, including water trucking and generators.