Homs governorate is located in central Syria, bordering Lebanon in the west. In all assessed communities aside from two, only 26-50% of the pre-conflict population remained, with no further departures or returns indicated. IDPs were present in 70% of the assessed communities and in all assessed sub-districts. Zafaraniya (Talbiseh sub-district) reported the presence of approximately 10,500 IDPs, out of a total estimated population of 17,500 (including IDPs). All communities reported that they were unable to empty septic tanks and that connections to the sewage system were blocked, and 65% reported having insufficient water to meet household needs, including Zafaraniya. Zafaraniya was also one of two communities that reported communicable diseases as a predominant health challenge. All assessed communities, reported a lack of fuel and that community members were burning plastic as a strategy to cope with fuel shortages.
Of these communities, 90% reported acute respiratory infections as a common health problem. Two of the assessed communities in Homs had no pre-conflict population remaining in November: Kisein (Ar Rastan sub-district) and Um Sharshouh (Talbiseh sub-district). These communities have not been assessed for a majority of indicators displayed in these factsheets. For detailed, community-level information on Ar Rastan, Talbiseh and Taldu, please refer to the latest community profile covering this area. None of the communities assessed reported that residents were able to access sufficient amounts of food. The high cost of some food items and a decrease in local food production were reported across all communities. Farm ownership and business and trade were cited as the most common sources of income across communities assessed in Homs, yet given the decrease in local food production and access restrictions to the area, it is likely that income generated was insufficient to cover household needs. Over half of the assessed communities reported that the average, monthly household income in their community was below 50,000 SYP, and thereby less than the average monthly household income in Syria. Skipping meals and reducing the size of meals were reported in all communities assessed in Homs and food security was reported as a top priority need in all of the assessed communities. Primary and secondary schools were functioning in all of the assessed communities, although all reported that some children experienced barriers to accessing education. Out of the 18 assessed communities, six reported that educational facilities were destroyed, while a lack of teaching staff and school supplies were reported as barriers across all communities.