Health Cluster Weekly Situation Report: Whole of Syria, Week 9 (23 February - 1 March 2018)

Situation Report
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General developments & political & security situation

 The UN Security Resolution 2401 (2018) on 30-day cessation of hostilities in Syria to enable humanitarian aid delivery is adopted on 24 February.

 The announcement by the Russian forces of a daily humanitarian pause from 9 am to 2 pm for exit of civilian population from eastern Ghouta.

 A resolution accepted unanimously by the U.N. Security Council for a 30-day ceasefire across Syria will not impact Turkey’s offensive against Kurdish fighters in Afrin, Deputy Prime Minister Bekir Bozdag.

 Turkish regime violated UN Security Council Resolution 2401, escalating its aggression on Afrin.

 Five terrorist groups create joint command center in East Ghouta - Russian MoD.

 Militants have been shelling the only humanitarian corridor between Damascus and East Ghouta near the refugee camp of Wafedeen. Militants in Syrian Eastern Ghouta continue to hinder civilians' evacuation from the controlled areas.

 Syrian forces were engaged in heavy fighting with rebels in southern areas of the opposition enclave of Eastern Ghouta 25 February.

 Moscow says terrorists in East Ghouta hold civilians hostage, and Resolution 2401 does not include terrorist organizations.

 More than 21 mortar shells have been fired at the central quarters and suburbs of Damascus in another terrorist attack on the city, as the Syrian government escalates its attacks on opposition-held suburbs of Damascus, killing more than 25 civilians in the past two weeks.

 Airstrikes and artillery attacks pounded the besieged rebel enclave despite a resolution adopted by the United Nations. The total death toll is around 530 people killed since the government launched an intensified bombing campaign on the opposition enclave last week.

 Jaish Al Islam: Syrian government used chlorine gas in the town of Al Shaffoniya in East Ghouta. Pro-opposition outlet claims that a chlorine gas attack targeted Shifuniyah in Eastern Ghouta Syria. Suffocations among civilians in the town of Al-Shifunya in Al-Ghouta. Doctors in Ghouta say four women, six children, and six men were brought to hospitals with symptoms indicating Chlorine use.

 Airstrikes by the U.S.-led coalition reportedly killed 29 people in eastern Syria on Sunday. The attacks struck the alSha’afa and Dharat Allouni regions of Deir Ezzor province.

 Statement of Dr. Natalia Kanem, Executive Director of UNFPA, the UN Population Fund, in response to Escalation of Violence in Syria,

 Statement, MSF, Syria: 13 MSF-supported medical facilities damaged over three days in East Ghouta,

 Statement by The Syrian Arab Red Crescent Damascus, February 22, 2018

 USG/ERC Statement to the Security Council on Syria, 22 February, 2018

 Tishreen University Hospital medical team, succeeded in separating conjoined twins, in surgical operation done for the first time in Syria.

 Cabinet approved comprehensive plan for securing return of basic services to Idleb's liberated villages.

 The premises of Ibn-Sina psychiatric hospital in Rural Damascus were hit by shelling.

 Aleppo witnessed a dramatic situation changes in term of controlling areas, as some Kurdish held areas in Aleppo the city and in north rural have handed over to the government of Syria. The neighborhoods in the city: Kurdish forces have handed over the neighborhoods of Bostan Bash, Ba'aiedin, Trab Al-Hellok (upper Hellok and Lower Hellok), Haydariyeh, Sheikh Kheder, Sheikh Fares and Ayn At-Tal. While the neighborhoods of Sheikh Maqsoud, Sakan Al-SHababai, Shqaief and part of Ashrafiyeh neighborhoods remain under Kurdish forces control. On the other hand, Tal Refaat town and number of the surrounding villages, the handing over still in the process, some of those villages located on the frontline.

 Since June 2017, the return of civilians continues to the newly regained villages in eastern rural of Aleppo. Tracking on the return movement is a challenge due to the big number of communities, however, OCHA depending on different sources including SARC managed to update the figures of returnees. 212’724 individuals returned in 287 communities in rural areas, in addition to 354’682 individuals returned in the city, the total number for Aleppo governorate is 567’406 as of February 2018