The Syrian crisis is in entering its tenth year of protracted conflict causing a UN declared level three humanitarian emergency. The past and present hostilities compounded with the continued massive displacement of populations, remain the main drivers of humanitarian needs. As such the Syrian crisis remains the largest displacement crisis in the world, with over 5.6 million registered refugees and over 6 million people displaced within Syria .
The DG ECHO's Integrated Analysis Framework for 2020 identifies the needs for humanitarian assistance to remain in extreme level. According to the most recent figures from the Humanitarian Response Plan Monitoring Report, the scale, severity, and complexity of needs across Syria remain overwhelming. As of December 2018, Jordan hosts 671,074 registered Syrian refugees. Lebanon hosts 1.5 million Syrian refugees along with 31,502 Palestine Refugees from Syria, and a pre-existing population of more than 175,000 Palestine Refugees. With this Lebanon is on street demonstration for over that 55 days demanding change in the government, which put the country on hold, with negative affect of the Lebanese population in general and more specific on the refugees mainly affected quality of life, purchase power, disrupted of social cohesion as well as economic investment, devaluation of local currency and ongoing sanction that affect food and health supply.
North East Syria recent developments also worsen the situation, as the number of people living in camps in the northeast has almost tripled in 2019.
Therefore, SYR201 appeal remains a high priority for ACT members who are active in the region to be able to support refugees, internally displaced people as well as the host communities impacted by the crisis. ACT JSL members are well-informed and prepared to continue their humanitarian response in key priority areas (shelter/NFI, cash assistance, health and nutrition, food security, livelihoods, WASH, protection/psychosocial and education).
The 2019 Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan (3RP) findings estimated 11 million people will require humanitarian assistance in 2020, with of more than 5 million refugees in acute need from Syria and vulnerable host community members in refugee-hosting, neighbouring countries.
Coordination amongst UN agencies, INGOs and sector specific cluster groups - in which ACT JSL is active in, highlights that most refugee families fall below the poverty line and struggle to meet their basic needs, such as shelter and food, the national poverty rate in Syria is at 38.9% and in light of the severe impact of the crisis, unemployment has risen to 55%.
Immediate humanitarian needs also include health and protection services, the lack of incomegeneration opportunities and quality education, as 2.1 million children in Syria are out of school, and a further 1.3 million are at risk of dropping out. There are also considerable needs related to access to basic services and restoration of infrastructure with livelihood interventions and repairs/rehabilitation of infrastructure/housing remaining extremely underserved in out of camp areas.
The dire situation is further compounded for the conflict/crisis affected people with most vulnerable segments of the population, specifically women, children, youth and adolescents, people in hard to reach areas, people with disabilities; (refugees, host communities, vulnerable people). There is a pressing necessity to provide immediate assistance to the affected population to minimize loss of life and to ensure that the needs of the most vulnerable are covered first.