3RP Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan 2018 - 2019 in response to the Syria Crisis | 2018 Progress Report (January - June 2018)

Report
from UN High Commissioner for Refugees
Published on 27 Sep 2018

REGIONAL OVERVIEW

As the conflict in Syria entered its eighth year, neighbouring countries continue to show great generosity in shouldering the weight of the crisis in terms of hosting refugees. As of June 2018, over 5.6 million Syrian refugees were registered in Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, and Egypt. Nevertheless, host countries continue to contend with mounting demographic, economic, political, security and social pressures. Across the region, borders and admission practices remained closely managed, affecting the displacement ability of many individuals.

Despite the exceptional generosity of host governments, the conditions of refugee families across the region remain extremely challenging and many refugee families have become increasingly vulnerable with each passing year of displacement: poverty rates exceed 60 per cent in some host countries and some 35 per cent of Syrian refugee children are out-of-school. The impact of this crisis on vulnerable girls, boys, women and men’s protection and well-being remains staggering. This may have lasting consequences, including the impacts of early marriage, sexual and gender-based violence, child labour, indebtedness, and exploitation. As more refugees slip into poverty, such protection risks will only get worse. Meanwhile, Palestinian refugees affected by the Syrian crisis continue to face particular vulnerabilities.

The political, economic and social trends which have compounded the conditions of refugees in countries neighbouring Syria have also had a similar impact on vulnerable members of their host communities. 3RP partners across the region continue to deliver programmes that benefit populations affected by the crisis, while also aiming to reinforce national systems and the provision of public services that refugees and host communities alike rely on to meet their basic and urgent needs.

While gaps remain, the 3RP response, implemented through its 270 partners, has contributed to: the enrolment of over 1.2 million children aged 5 to 17 in formal education; the award of 8,000 university scholarships to Syrian youth aged 18 years and above, vocational training and preparatory language courses; the provision of food assistance to over 2.3 million people; the engagement of over half a million individuals in community-led initiatives; and, the disbursement of emergency cash assistance to 450,000 households, giving them the choice and dignity to spend the money according to their most pressing needs. Meanwhile, Members of the Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (PSEA)’s country networks have been reinforcing awareness and trainings on addressing SEA.

In 2018, 3RP partners continue to focus on protection and realization of solutions for refugees. At the same time, building resilience, sustainability and local-engagement is integrated into all steps of programming. In that regard, innovations and positive developments continue to be recorded. In Jordan, following efforts by 3RP partners to establish the Jordan Compact, over 104,000 work permits had been issued by June 2018 to Syrian refugees, enabling greater access to the labour market and stronger workplace protection. In Turkey, Iraq and Egypt, efforts are also being made to increase Syrian refugees' access to national systems; for example, through intensive language training in Turkey to improve refugees’ access to national services and the labour market.

The work of 3RP Partners would not have been possible without the extremely generous support of donors. Donor governments continue to provide an unprecedented level of financial support since the start of the Syria crisis, including USD 2.275 billion contributed thus far in 2018 (both as part of the inter-agency appeal and multi-year commitments). In 2018, donors have been seen to increase the provision of multi-year funding, enabling partners to offer enhanced, longer-term and more predictable programming.